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Updated: August 22, 2012 09:28 IST

Imagining a new national politics

Yogendra Yadav
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The Anna Hazare movement must measure success not in terms of electoral gains but its ability to set the political agenda

There is at last some clarity on the politics of the anti-corruption movements. Baba Ramdev’s dramatic call for Congress-hatao and the ‘political turn’ of the Anna movement have confirmed that a movement aimed at rooting out corruption cannot defer a direct encounter with party politics for very long. The manner in which both decisions were announced left something to be desired. The announcement by ‘Team Anna’ invited serious criticism that it was a hasty afterthought, a face-saving device or, worse, a sinister design. Baba Ramdev’s flip-flop and final dalliance with the Bharatiya Janata Party and other non-Congress forces irrespective of their own record on corruption were hardly expected to add to his credibility. Yet this clarity is to be welcomed, for it opens an unusual window of opportunity for people’s politics.

Three tendencies

Right from its beginnings last year, the anti-corruption movement comprised three tendencies. One section was staunchly opposed to all parties, all politicians and all forms of politics. More pronounced in the first phase of the movement, this anti-politics tendency had worrisome authoritarian overtones. The second tendency translated anti-corruption as anti-Congress and did not care if its actions ended up aligning with the opposition parties, especially the BJP. Eventually owned up by Baba Ramdev and briefly preferred by Team Anna last year, this tendency has evoked suspicion about the hidden hand of the sangh parivar in the anti-corruption movement.

The third tendency, which has finally prevailed within the Anna movement, though not without dissent, searched for its own, alternative form of politics. While this has generally been understood as forming a new political party, the impulse underlying this tendency awaits more careful elaboration. A formal separation of this third tendency from the politics of anti-politics and mere non-Congressism may appear to have weakened the popular upsurge and let the ruling class off the hook. Seen in a wider context, however, this development has opened up the possibility of new ideas, energies and allies for alternative politics of people’s movements.

A political vacuum marks the people’s movement sector. Ever since its emergence in the 1980s, the movement sector — comprising farmers’ movements, Dalit movements, women’s movements, environmental movements and the movements for information and deepening of democracy — is one of the most vibrant spaces in the democratic arena. These movements are inherently political in that they seek to challenge the settled relations of power. They have quietly shifted the terms of political engagement and brought new issues to the foreground. Legislation and policies like the Right to Information, the Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act, the Forest Act and the new Land Acquisition and Rehabilitations Act are a tribute to the power and creativity of these movements.

Yet these movements have not succeeded in posing a direct challenge to mainstream politics. Attempts to establish political parties representing the movements failed to cross the high threshold of viability in our electoral system. These include the Samata Sangathan and Karnataka Rajya Rayyata Sangha in the 1980s, the Samajwadi Janparishad and Chhattisgarh Mukti Morcha in the 1990s, and the Loksatta Party, Women’s Political Front, Uttarakhand Jan Vahini and Sarvodaya Karnataka in the last decade. Attempts at forming a grand coalition of these movements in electoral politics did not work in the last two Lok Sabha elections.

These efforts have involved some of the finest activists and thinkers of our time. There have been many creative organisational experiments and ideological innovations. Yet, they remained largely invisible: most educated and politically informed Indians may not have heard about these. Even the most powerful mass movements failed to translate their support in electoral terms. In order to give effect to their political agenda, these movements remained dependent on the very political establishment they critiqued and struggled against.

During this period, mainstream politics became more insulated from popular struggles and movements. Here’s the paradox though: ever since the sudden decline of the Congress in 1989, the third space has expanded while the third force has shrunk. The failure of the Janata Dal in the early 1990s and the collapse of the United Front experiment in the mid-1990s meant that much of the expanding political energy of the third space drifted towards the two poles represented by the United Progressive Alliance and the National Democratic Alliance. The Left used to be a natural home for popular struggles and movements, but its ideological dominance, moral authority and political presence have been severely eroded. The energy of the third space is in search of a national political vehicle of its own.

This is where the anti-corruption movement offers something of a breakthrough. It is after more than three decades that a movement outside the organised party sector has registered a nationwide presence and visibility. More than the number of people that participated in highly visible protests in Delhi, what matters is that the Anna Hazare-led movement spawned smaller protests in a large number of towns and even villages. A fairly large proportion of citizens who did not participate in any protest heard about it and sympathised with it. The activists, supporters and sympathisers of the anti-corruption movement constitute a larger pool of potential support for alternative politics than generated by any other popular movement in recent times. After a very long time, a movement promises to cross the high threshold of viability required for creating a national political alternative.

At the same time, this is no more than a promise of a breakthrough. The support was not based on any grassroots mobilisation and was almost entirely triggered by extraordinary media coverage in August last year. Therefore the support base is very mixed and variable and could well be ephemeral. Besides, a good deal of the support for the anti-corruption movement may not translate into support for alternative politics.

Ideological issues

There are ideological issues here. A single issue like corruption could serve as the focal point of mobilisation of otherwise contrary forces in a movement. This was a smart choice: the more ‘classical’ radical issues do not permit cross-sectional mobilisation, nor do they resonate in popular consciousness. At the same time, corruption understood in a narrow way cannot be the centre-piece of an alternative politics. Minimally, an understanding of corruption needs to go beyond bribery of individual politicians and bureaucrats; corruption embedded into policies and perpetuated by the system needs to be addressed. There have been legitimate concerns about where this movement stands vis-à-vis bigger questions like communalism, caste-based injustice, crony capitalism and ecological destruction. Anna’s movement was wise to distance itself from communal and anti-Dalit positions, but it is to be seen if it can expand its ideological bandwidth to include larger issues raised by people’s movements in the last couple of decades.

The movement also faces serious organisational and leadership challenges. The success of the movement required a leader like Anna Hazare. The challenge of quick response in the face of sudden success also required decision making by a small and flexible group. This is not suited for making a transition to political organisation. Any form of political organisation would require a clearly established and consultative procedure for mature decision-making. The leadership of the movement would need to reflect the social diversity of the country and the rising aspirations of the hitherto marginalised social groups.

The larger challenge

Finally, there is the challenge of political and organisational vision. While ending the fast, ‘Team Anna’ committed itself to creating an alternative political force. But it was soon translated into a new political party aiming at electoral success in 2014. It remains to be seen if this new effort is alive to the larger challenge of imagining and building alternative politics. Specifically, the challenge is to visualise a political organisation that does not replicate the structural flaws of mainstream political parties. The movement also faces the challenge of looking beyond the next election and redefining what political ‘success’ means. Instead of exposing itself to conventional measures of success in terms of votes and seats, the movement needs to think of its success in terms of its impact on the political agenda and the established political culture. Its success depends not so much on whether it wins an election but on how much of positive energy it releases into the political system.

In other words, the anti-corruption movement offers a possible breakthrough for creating an alternative politics, but it faces serious mobilisational, ideological and organisational challenges. Fortunately, the people’s movements can complement the anti-corruption movement in this respect. A fusion of the tendency within the anti-corruption movement committed to a political alternative and the stream within people’s movements wedded to the idea of alternative politics is the need of the hour. Such a fusion is historically possible and desirable, but forging it in real life is going to be a very difficult and delicate operation. Medha Patekar and Aruna Roy, two of the leading and most credible voices in the movement sector, have cautioned against this move. They are not non-political and certainly not anti-political, but they are not convinced of the merit of turning a popular movement into a political party. Keeping their concerns in mind and yet trying to forge a new political instrument is the challenge of our times. This is the challenge for all those who dare to think beyond the limited political alternatives that we have had to live with.

(The author is a political analyst and has been associated with various people’s movements for the last three decades.)

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To achieve the kind of goals people like Anna Hazare fight for,outdated laws governing elections,justice dispensation etc. have to be drastically changed.For this elections have to be decisively won.The entrenched political class is too formidable to be dislodged by any new outfit wedded to fair electoral practices (not dispensing freebies,not buying votes,not whipping up caste and religion etc.)The forces arrayed against Anna will be freely playing out their usual electoral games and Anna's forces will be fighting them with hands tied behind.The ground reality is that while informed intellectuals are passive participants in elections,the not so educated electorate who are in majority are the active participants and it is they who decide the results.The odds are loaded against those who fight for a value-based corruption free society.Though an uphill task the crusade against corruption has to go on.It is a long long haul indeed!

from:  G.Jagannathan
Posted on: Aug 23, 2012 at 18:00 IST

@ Mr Manu Krishna Kant: You raise good points and many think like you.

"where Anna will formulate his team or from where he will find the true
leaders of democratic India ????????"

As far as I have read, Anna has no "closed membership" - anti-corruption
is a national movement of the citizens of India. It is made up of
Indians and will succeed or fail, live or die, depending on citizens’
willing/active participation.
So, it is for everyone without exception, to DECIDE what kind of country
they want to live in, and what kind of inheritance they want to leave
their children/grandchildren. If they are happy with the present state
they should do nothing. If they are not, then they should ask if they
are willing to help build their own country. And if they want to, there
will be no shortage of support, no dearth of Leaders. And if they do
not, they can't blame foreigners for not sorting out India's problems. So it is all about YOU, EVERYONE, not about 76? year old Anna or Team
Anna!

from:  D Mahapatra
Posted on: Aug 23, 2012 at 14:39 IST

It is naïve to think that any group of individuals can win election in today’s India merely on the basis of good credentials. That is a bitter truth which Anna Hazare & his team know very well. These days there is a new way of expressing ‘merit’ of candidates. It is his money power, and ability to win an election using his money and occasionally his caste or religion, that is what is considered while selecting a candidate by political parties. Further, it is possible for a candidate to secure as little as 20-25 per cent votes of the total votes cast and win an election. It is well known that money plays a very big role in all elections, even in a Gram Panchayat election. If we have to strengthen our democracy, we need to change this method of election. Election law reforms are an urgent necessity. We the citizens have to demand implementation of reforms on a priority basis.

from:  Narendra M Apte
Posted on: Aug 23, 2012 at 09:05 IST

I remember a lady colleague at USDA Beltsvillae md USA"India will become a true
democracy only when they are educated to read and write".There is no alternative to a
socialistic,democratic ,secular and welfare state of India in this galaxy of nations.Right to
citizens has been constitutionalized but not the duties.Exercising the franchise of choosing
their representative by voting must be a duty to be legally enforced.The accountability of the
present system is to the political party which nominated the representative and not to
people who elected him.Right to recall can be made a right of citizen who voted him in.No
candidate who was punished for criminal of fences should be nominated for contest.The
state should meet part or whole election expenses.Indian politics have been transformed
into a way of livelihood and wages paid are 100 times the national per capita income of it's
citizens.The old Raja system has only been renamed.This should go.Oppulance in public
life needs to be curbed

from:  Dr K V Peter
Posted on: Aug 23, 2012 at 05:53 IST

A very nice article written,highlighting the need of the hour.Its high
time that we,the citizens of India, think of a political alternative in
the wake of surfacing of these scams.I am sure that Team Anna,under the
able guidance of learned people like Mr.Kejriwal,will be able to
overcome the "challenge" and provide us,the citizens of India,the much
needed political alternative.

from:  Arijit Chatterjee
Posted on: Aug 23, 2012 at 00:16 IST

here i would ike to raise a question. and the question is if Anna's
team was called as anti congress, then what wil you call Jaiprakash
Naryan's movement.
secondly Anna is jumping into politics.....so what is the gurantee
that he alone is able to change the future of the country. because to
run this vast country you at least need a well formalized community
or institution which could work on a large basis. so here question is
that,from where Anna will formulate his team or from where he will
find the true leaders of democratic India ????????

from:  Manu Krishna Kant
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 23:51 IST

There is lot of angst among people. Common men doesn't have the power or
medium to fight with this corrupt system. What we really want is, a
person or a party which can be trusted. Of course, 100% corruption free
India is a myth in coming 20 years, but we at least can give our coming
generation, a platform on which they can build the Nation.

from:  Neeraj
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 22:43 IST

Thank you Prof Yadav for writing (& The Hindu for publishing) a timely
article with perspective & balanced analysis, on arguably the most
significant development in national governance post-independence.

(A) The sad truth is people in power pursuing questionable strategies
often nurture “people with a conscience” for their “public debates”, so
long as all they do is debate and pose no practical challenge. But
unless talk leads to action and the unjust exploitation/oppression is
abandoned, the situation does not improve!

(B) Citizens’ achievements to date may include: (i) policy scrutiny &
questioning becoming de rigueur (ii) days of mega plunders if not over,
now made more difficult, (hence policy delays?) (iii) vote-buying,
voter-manipulation made more expensive AND outcome made more uncertain
(iv) feudal party domination by families irrespective of merit falling
under brighter spotlight.

(C) Citizens must choose between going forward and (quickly?) losing
benefits of awareness.

from:  D Mahapatra
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 22:00 IST

This is a very well written article with well guarded optimism. one of
the key challenge of this movement is when Anna hazare keeps treading
slippery ground of self proclaimed credibility. Its very dangerous for
the team to position themselves on moral high ground. This will also put
the movement itself in danger.

from:  Ramachandra
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 21:38 IST

Sure there is room for a new group to attempt at governing India apart
from UPA and NDA. But though well meaning, Anna Group is no match to
solve the gigantic problems facing the country now. The 3rd group
could consist only seasoned and successful politicians. Gandhian
principles are good for individuals but not for governments. Morarji
Desai, initially after becoming PM, tormented the public by sticking
to simplicity. There are so many people,who had jumped into the
bandwagon of Anna hoping to get a strong hold in politics. Congress
party is not at all afraid of politicians and ambitious people.

from:  M.V. Rangaraajan
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 21:24 IST

While it is commendable, the mass hysteria that was generated by the
yoga guru Baba Ramdev and Anna Hazare against the drive against
corruption, if we introspect deeply, it brings out the caliber and competency that opposition political parties have. Why do we need a
yoga guru to lament on the black money issue- why cannot the leaders
of the opposition parties come out openly for the cause- which
indicates vested interests and will not be surprised if some of them
are also the beneficiaries.

As there is a saying & Bob Marley songs lyrics - "You can fool some
people some time, but not all the people all the time ", we witnessed
total lack of enthusiasm from the common man in the second round of
the " hunger strike" movement

from:  A.K.Nayak
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 18:05 IST

A well written critique. But the article just adds to the infinite list
of articles that praise Anna's movement and then tries to expose the
gaping holes or challenges that lie ahead of it.

from:  Ivanshu Gupta
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 16:41 IST

Erudite analysis. The article mainly focuses on two things. The first one is various movements being held in India which have failed despite for a good cause. The second one is corruption in India. These problems can find an end if literacy rate in India increases. Hence, the Government/Movements should emphasize on educating everyone in India atleast to a primary level which helps in eradicating corruption (atleast to some extent).

from:  Bharadwaj Sista
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 16:39 IST

Very well said..even if Team Anna could send a handful of MPs to the Parliament in 2014 and coerce the mainstream political parties to rethink their agenda for the upcoming 2014 polls, they would still be able to bring a meaningful change in the Political arena and the functioning of the goverment.. They would be able to take the voice of large masses to the Parliament... Good luck to the Nation..

from:  Abhishek
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 15:59 IST

The issue off corruption is not limited to the politician and the politics;we as the citizen are equally responsible for the same.we corrupt the system by bypassing the system to make our things done.As far as the politics is concerned;it is same people we chose to represent our democracy.And the framer of the constitution has never thought in the way that same representative will use the powers to fulfill their needs but not the public.But we always left with very few or nil option(honest representatives)when it comes to chose.So as author well said that the political alternative to eradicate corruption with the people who actually wants to change it is right way.As policies and laws are made in parliament and nothing splendid can happen only protesting outside with mass and too with this people will have a option to choose a honest leader for their welfare.

from:  Mayank Kanga
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 15:37 IST

In a Political structure of multiparty democracy there is no question of checking for feasibility whether is there any vaccum for a new party to establish in the arena.Any one or group or organised community can come together to float a party having its own set of ideologues and objectives.Here many argue that if it would be appropriate for a people's movement that had been formed with the object of rooting out corruption?The answer is yes, it is appropriate if the Political Masters at the corridors of power are turning deaf years to the citizens legitimate question of general importance and pertains to public welfare.In a nation state if the majority of the masses want any sort of legislation or rules to be brought into force it is a common knowledge that there are only two means to achieve the ends.Either by Law or By force.Our Law provides only for parliament to enact laws.So it would be appropriate for team Anna to get itself a registered political party to achieve the ends.

from:  Venkatakrishnan govindasamy
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 15:20 IST

It is possible to offer a manifesto acceptable to a wide range of people. Left, Centre and Right ideologies have lost relevance. What matters to most people is whether we are Up or Down. A convincing plan can be made to transition to an Accountable political system that brings power and prosperity to people. Direct democracy does not merely mean electronic voting on mobile phones. It involves breaking down the governance into natural communities in settlements. Each community must be provided the inputs to become locally self sufficient in meeting peoples different needs such as basic needs (food, clothing, shelter, energy, security, infrastructure), health needs, psychoscial needs, livelihood needs, Knowledge needs, Social acceptance needs, Human Right & Justce needs and Spiritual needs. When a community reaches a certain benchmark of self sufficiency in the 8 areas listed above, the community will become eligible for more autonomy. Yes to make this idea acceptable is hard work.

from:  Gunasekar
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 14:49 IST

Thank you Prof Yadav (& The Hindu) for writing a timely article, with
perspective & balanced analysis, on arguably the most significant
development in national governance post-independence.

(A) Without referring to anyone, an unpleasant (& unspoken) truth is
that people in power when pursuing questionable strategies seek out
“people with a conscience” for their “public debates”, so long as all
they do is debate and pose no practical challenge. It is not unknown for
such powerful people to want to subtly nurture such dissenting voices.

(B) Citizens’ achievements to date include: (i) policy scrutiny &
questioning may become de rigueur (ii) days of mega plunders are, if not
over, now made more difficult, (hence policy paralysis?) (iii) vote-
buying, voter-manipulation made more expensive AND outcome made more
uncertain (iv) feudal party domination by families irrespective of merit
under greater spotlight.

(C) The citizens must either go forward, or will (quickly?) lose all
benefits.

from:  D Mahapatra
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 13:32 IST

All career politicians not withstanding, see how the CAG has nailed the Govt as per reports in to-days(22/08/12 'The HIndu'. What was said by an official of the CAG,in the name of clarifications is much more damaging than the actual report which is yet to see the light. Central Govt stands ' barred'. It is another matter that the thick skinned politicians do not care as much they care for their perks. Congress spok person sayus that the rot did exist under NDA time. My straight question to these 'idiots' where is your wisdom. Should be after 65 years of Independance follow the same CPC and othert idiotic laws. Where is a strinmget law to punish the Guilty politicin. If Manmohan singh is not guilty of malfesance in 'Coal gate' Raja too is not guilty. Only poor tax payer stands to blame his lick.

from:  Sastry KP
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 12:57 IST

We should remember the fact that the anti-corruption movements
launched by Anna Hazare and Baba Ramdev cannot garner majority support
from a plural society like India where people stand divided on the
basis of community, caste etc.,Corruption being a cancer of several
centuries old it takes many forms and it cannot be single factor to
unify people and win elections.The multiparty system practised in our
country has not helped in evolving a healthy people welfare oriented
polity even after sixty years of independence.Often it results in
fractured electoral verdicts leading to unholy political alliances
just for capturing power.In this situation how any new political party
with one line agenda of eradicating corruption will be able to sell
itself to come to power is to be seen.Our only fear is that it should
not become a conduit for other parties to capture power.

from:  G.Kulandaivelu
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 12:28 IST

The decision of Anna team to go political was at best a face saving device from its anti-corruption tirade failure.Each of its member is responsible for doom.Is their a space in Indian political diaspora for another political party?The answer is NO.In the present otherwise depressed political climate with each party engaged in similar programmes with single aim to gain power, not for people service,but for serving themselves;there is an outcry in the country for a social apolitical movement to champion woes of people,unite people of all caste,religion,ethinicity under a single banner to root out corruption and to establish a society with socio-economic justice where money does not belong to an individual,it belongs to the Nation.Once this social awakening is kindled in each and every Indian then the question arises how to change the pattern of political landscape.Therefore the political route envisaged by Anna is uncalled for at this moment and is prematured.It will end in fiasco

from:  Prof A N Malviya
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 12:12 IST

A well written article sir.These days no political party has a motive to serve the country,all they want is to some how manage to win the elections by crooked politics on agendas like caste,religion and these days even on region.Sinister issues like north Indians in Maharastra.Corruption has became part and parcel of every office and government institutions.Team Anna joining politics brings some hope for us.They will ameliorate the prevaling system.

from:  Ashutosh Kumar
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 12:04 IST

Very nice article indeed, I think it would be a wrong move to align
the movement with political parties because they usually do not serve
the purpose. This is because this time the demand was to hunt
politician and by no manes they would have allowed.

I have immense respect for Baba Ramdev but the way his has managed his
movement seeks some introspections. On the other hand Team Anna
movement was more cultured and planned, might have lacked patience.
But I feel their decision to enter in electoral politics would prove
beneficial for Indian democracy. This is because other parties have at
least emulate some qualities of the party that Team Anna's is aiming
for. Moreover, their concerns are related to governance rather than
mitigating a part of the society. Recently, political parties has
taken issues to mitigate a group of the society to keep intact their
vote bank or have engaged themselves in bad governance through looting
policy-making. I hope in the end Indian democracy wins.

from:  Mangal
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 11:45 IST

People might think that Anna's decision to float a political party might
be a little unrealistic , but if we support this movement with heart and
soul , I am sure this will help us in the long run . The success of the
movement will play a big role whether India can go on to become a
shining light( read : successful democracy ) in the world .
For the people like me and you , we need to expect more from ourselves
so that we can inspire the people around us . We cannot expect Anna and
his team to be able to do this on their own .

from:  Abhishek
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 11:20 IST

In place of imagining a new national politics, this article presents the prevailing confused national politics. The affliction crippling the nation is the all-pervading corruption. The cause obviously is the failure of the system in practice right since the beginning - the party-based democracy where party and Govt both rule the people. The solution lies in a phased approach: removing the more corrupt regime in the first phase and pressuring the new regime to facilitate the direct election of PM and CMs. Forming another party will just add to the garbage and help the corrupt incumbent. Do we need to take pride in remaining away from Sangh Parivar? Are they anti-national? Do we need to perpetuate the reservation regime? Is secularism being used as lipped? Anna and Baba will lose their significance if they do not help in removing the dispensation currently ruling (misruling?) us.

from:  VMN Sharma
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 10:38 IST

Very good written by the author and agree.......Let me share my
thoughts.....Randev and Anna, their common agenda is a corrupt free
India. Since the beginning of the movement, I have been thinking, why
two separate leaders with separate followers to attain the same goal?
I think these two men don't want to or cannot sit on a same stage for
long time.
Regarding team Anna's announcement to open a new political party.....I
think the team has lack of patience. They want a quick result from the
Houses.

from:  Bipul Kr Rabha
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 07:35 IST

The easy solution to the problem of rooting out corruption is that all
non-corrupt and incorruptible politicians from every national party
along with well-known public figures of unimpeachable integrity should
join under the banner of Anna Hazare solely for the purpose of weeding
out corruption.If the elected representatives remain above corruption
then the machinery will purge itself of the scourge.Every honest Indian
of the aforesaid genres should give a serious thought in the interest of
the Nation.

from:  Raghavan
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 07:30 IST

1. The allure of money and power is not new. In post-independent India
its evolution into an alliance of family businesses to rule the country
for personal gain by distorting democratic checks & balances,
influencing all pillars of democracy, controlling the critical voting
percentage to retain power, is in the public domain.

2. Citizens were already ground down by endemic corruption in their
daily lives. But only the persistent efforts of a few patriots, the CAG,
EC and SC, made the astronomical losses to the public purse common
knowledge. Like a lightening conductor this enabled a tiny group of
people to jolt the civic consciousness of a section of society.

3. Fresh discoveries of scams (more to come?) keep this fire burning.

4. Unity & more supporters would help to (i) prevent citizens’ honest
angst for the future being subsumed by established parties only to be
smothered (ii) effectively project citizens’ concern in Parliament (iii)
reduce corruption (iv) revive democracy, etc.

from:  D Mahapatra
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 02:48 IST

The choices are, select and support candidates of all parties who are renowned for their
incorruptible moral positions, or set up a new party with the core philosophy with no
tolerance for corruption and promote them to the voters. Anna's movement suffers from
supporting the former suggestion. Immediately, the movement get tainted by allegation of
affiliation with one party or other. It is for the movement to clarify their position to voters so
that they can remain believable. Hard road ahead to travel!

from:  Saratchandran
Posted on: Aug 22, 2012 at 02:45 IST
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