The Cauvery river water dispute, primarily between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, dates back to the 19th century. A chronology of the riparian wrangle, compiled by T Arvind
The Cauvery river water dispute, primarily between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, dates back to the 19th century. A chronology of the riparian wrangle, compiled by T Arvind.
The agreement signed between Madras Presidency and the princely State of Mysore in 1924 lapsed in 1974.
May 1990: Supreme Court directs Centre to constitute Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal, a demand made by Tamil Nadu since 1970.
June 2, 1990: Centre notifies Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT).
January 1991: The CWDT rejects Tamil Nadu government's plea for interim relief. TN appeals the rejection in Court.
April 1991: Supreme Court directs the CWDT to entertain TN's petition for interim relief.
June 1991: The CWDT announced an interim award: Karnataka ordered to release 205 tmcft. In a move to nullify the interim awards, Karnataka government passes an Ordinance. Supreme Court intervenes, strikes down Karnataka's ordinance and upholds the interim award of the CWDT. Karnataka refuses to oblige.
December 11, 1991: The Interim award is published in the Government of India gazatte.
July 1993: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa goes on a sudden fast at the MGR memorial in Chennai demanding the Tamil Nadu's share of water as stipulated by the interim order.
August 1998: Centre constitutes Cauvery River Authority to ensure the implementation of the interim award of CWDT.
September 8, 2002: Cauvery River Authority chaired by Prime Minister A.B. Vajpayee directs Karnataka to release 9,000 cusecs (0.8 tmcft) of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu unhappy with the order, says it will move Supreme Court.
September 18, 2002: Protesting against the release of water to Tamil Nadu, a Karnataka farmer jumps into the Kabini Reservoir, dies.
September 13, 2002: Congress MP from Tamil Nadu Mani Shankar Aiyar blames the AIADMK for not raising the issue in Parliament.
September 15, 2002: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa refutes Mani Shankar Aiyar's charges against her and issues a 9-page statement on the Cauvery issue.
September 25, 2002: Karnataka farmers explain the distress situation to the visiting Cauvery Monitoring Committee panel.
October 12, 2003: Water experts from the Centre express their helplessness in coming to the rescue of Tamil Nadu in inter-State river disputes; say their hands are tied. They are of the view that the Centre has not been pro-active in ensuring effective functioning of the Cauvery River Authority.
July 17, 2005: Karnataka refuses to implement the distress sharing formula and rules out Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu.
April 13, 2006: After six-rounds of talks, farmers of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu try to find a solution to the problem of water-sharing between the riparian States.
Feb. 5, 2007: After 16 years, Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal gives final award. Tribunal holds as valid the two agreements of 1892 and 1924 executed between the Governments of Madras and Mysore on the apportionment of water to Tamil Nadu.
Feb. 12, 2007: Karnataka protests tribunal final award. Observes State-wide bandh on the issue.
Feb. 18, 2007: Bangalore IT professionals protest against the "biased" award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal.
March 18, 2007: Jayalalithaa undertakes a token fast in Chennai demanding publication of the final award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal in the Official Gazette of the Centre.
June 30, 2008: Senior counsels of Karnataka on the Cauvery dispute meet top officials of the State government.
July 28, 2010: Cauvery river rises owing to good rainfall in the catchment areas in Kodagu district.
Dec 2, 2010: The Stanley reservoir, the lifeline of the Cauvery delta, touches the full reservoir level (FRL) of 120 feet, bringing cheers to water managers in Tamil Nadu.
A report in The Hindu says that between 1991 and 2011 -- in 20 years, Tamil Nadu realised less water on 13 occasions in June-September.
May 19, 2012: Jayalalithaa seeks immediate Cauvery River Authority meet
Sept. 19, 2012: After nine years, at the seventh CRA, Manmohan Singh directs Karnataka to release 9,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu at Biligundlu. Both the CMs -- Jayalalithaa and Jagadish Shettar term it "unacceptable". This is the first CRA meet since the UPA came to power at the Centre in 2004.
Sept. 28, 2012: Supreme Court slams Karnataka government for not complying with PM's direction at the CRA.
Feb. 29, 2013: Centre notifies the final award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT). The Central government was mandated to constitute the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) simultaneously with the gazette notification of the final award of the Tribunal dated February 19.
March 10, 2013: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister says that she will strive for formation of Cauvery Water Board during a felicitation ceremony organised in Thanjavur for her efforts to get the final award notified in the Union gazette.
March 19, 2013: Tamil Nadu moves Supreme Court to give directions to Water Ministry for constitution of Cauvery Management Board.
May 1, 2013: The Election Commission directs the Union Water Resources Ministry to defer constituting the Cauvery Management Board (CMB) and the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee (CWRC) till May 5 in view ot Karnataka Assembly polls.
May 10, 2013: Supreme Court directs Centre to set up panel to supervise Cauvery water release.
May 24, 2013: Centre notified temporary Cauvery Water (Implementation of the Order of 2007) Scheme, 2013.
May 27, 2013: Cauvery issue will be resolved soon, says Karnataka Law Minister.
May 28, 2013: Tamil Nadu moves Supreme Court, seeks Rs. 2,480-cr damages from Karnataka for not following orders of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal
June 1, 2013: Union Water Resources Secretary chairs the first meeting of the Supervisory Committee which saw Tamil Nadu demanding its share of water for June as stipulated in the award.
June 2, 2013: Water cannot be released as and when TN demands, says Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah.
June 6, 2013: Karnataka says it cannot release 134 tmcft of water to Tamil Nadu between June and September.
June 12, 1013: Cauvery Supervisory Committee terms the Tamil Nadu's plea for directions to Karnataka for release of Cauvery waters as per the award of the CWDT as not “feasible”.
June 14, 2013: Tamil Nadu decides to file contempt plea against Karnataka for its stand on the Cauvery Supervisory Committee.
June 15, 2013: Chief Minister Jayalaithaa says the Tamil Nadu government will approach the Supreme Court for the formation of the Cauvery Management Board and Cauvery Water Regulatory Authority.
June 26, 2013: Contending that the setting up of a supervisory committee had become a futile exercise, Tamil Nadu moves SC for constitution of Cauvery Management Board.
June 28, 2013: Tamil Nadu files contempt petition in the Supreme Court against Karnataka CM Siddaramaiah for his a defiant stand before the Supervisory Committee
July 15, 2013: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu clash during the third meeting of the Cauvery Supervisory Committee here over latter’s share of the river waters. While Tamil Nadu sought 34 tmcft in July and 50 tmcft for August to save the Samba crop, Karnataka says that it had already released 34 tmcft between June and July 13.
Keywords: Cauvery water dispute, Cauvery Management Board, Cauvery Water Regulation Committee, Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal, Tamil Nadu-Karnataka relations, inter-state disputes, water sharing, water rights