Terming a U.S. proposal to increase visa fees as discriminatory, Commerce and Industry Minister Anand Sharma said the hike would cost Indian firms USD 200 million extra a year and make them less competitive.
“The Bill will have an (estimated) additional cost implication of over USD 200 million annually and an adverse impact on the competitiveness and commercial interests of Indian companies....,” Mr. Sharma said in a letter to U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk.
The U.S. Senate on August 5 had approved a substantial increase in application fees for H1-B and L visas, the most sought after Indian IT professionals. The hike is proposed to fund a USD 600 million emergency package to improve security along the porous Mexican border.
The Senate measure increases the visa fee to USD 2,000 per application on those companies that have less than 50 per cent of their employees as American citizens.
In his letter, Mr. Sharma conveyed the concerns of the Indian software industry that the increase in U.S. visa fee would adversely impact companies of Indian origin, which account for about 12 per cent of the total number of visas issued by the U.S.
Mr. Sharma said though the need of the U.S. Government to strengthen their border security is understandable, “it is inexplicable to our companies to bear the cost of such a highly discriminatory law“.
While the U.S. companies use H-1B and L visas in larger numbers, they will not be liable for the increased fees but Indian companies will be affected as they are likely to have more than 50 per cent of the their employees on these visas.
Mr. Sharma further said that the Indian software industry is already deeply burdened in the absence of a Totalisation Agreement, requiring them to pay more than USD 1 billion every year to the U.S. government in the form of social security, with no benefit or prospect of refund.
The proposed massive increase in visa application fee would primarily affect the top Indian IT companies, who rely much on these categories of visas to continue with their work in the U.S.