Creation of a separate Telangana state with Hyderabad as its capital and keeping Andhra Pradesh united with constitutional and statutory measures for empowerment of the Telangana region are among the six options recommended by the Justice Srikrishna Committee.
The report of the five-member committee headed by former Supreme Court judge that gave its recommendations after about 11 months of consultation process in the State was released by the Home Ministry on Thursday, a week after it received it.
The two-volume 461-page report has also suggested maintaining status quo with a rider that it is the least-favoured option.
In the fourth option, for which political parties spearheaded by Telangana Rashtriya Samiti (TRS) have been campaigning, the Committee suggests bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into two units -- Telangana and Seemandhra -- as per existing boundaries.
Telangana will have Hyderabad as capital, while Seemandhra, comprising Rayalaseema and coastal Andhra regions, will have a new capital.
In the option for keeping the State united, the Committee has suggested that there should be simultaneous provision of certain constitutional and statutory measures for socio-economic development and political empowerment of Telangana region by creation of a statutorily empowered Telangana Regional Council.
Another option is to bifurcate the State into Seemandhra and Telangana with Hyderabad as a Union Territory and the two States developing their own capitals in due course.
Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Rayala-Telangana and coastal Andhra regions with Hyderabad being an integral part of Rayala-Telangana is another option suggested by the committee.
Yet another idea is to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh into Seemandhra and Telangana with enlarged Hyderabad Metropolis as a separate Union Territory.
“This Union Territory will have geographical linkage and contiguity via Nalgonda district in the south—east to Guntur district in coastal Andhra and via Mahaboobnagar district in the south to Kurnool district in Rayalaseema.
The six options
1. Maintaining Status Quo: The committee said it is of the unanimous view that it would not be a practical approach to simply maintain the status quo in respect of the situation.
“Some intervention is definitely required and though maintaining the existing status quo is an option it is favoured the least,” the panel says.
2. Bifurcation of the state into Seemandhra and Telangana; with Hyderabad as a Union Territory and the two states developing their own capitals in due course:
“There is a definite likelihood of serious backlashes in Telangana region and on overall consideration, the Committee found this option was also not practicable.”
3. Bifurcation of the state into Rayala-Telangana and Coastal Andhra Regions with Hyderabad being an integral part of Rayala-Telangana:
“This scenario is not likely to be accepted either by the pro-Telangana or by the pro-United Andhra protagonists.
While this option may have economic justification, the committee believes that this option may not offer a resolution which would be acceptable to people of all three regions,” it says.
4. Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Seemandhra and Telangana with enlarged Hyderabad Metropolis as a separate Union Territory. This Union Territory will have geographical linkage and contiguity via Nalgonda district in the south-east to Guntur district in coastal Andhra and via Mahaboobnagar district in the south to Kurnool district in Rayalaseema:
“This is likely to receive stiff opposition from Telangana protagonists and it may be difficult to reach a political consensus in making this solution acceptable to all,” it says.
5. Bifurcation of the state into Telangana and Seemandhra as per existing boundaries with Hyderabad as the capital of Telangana and Seemandhra to have a new capital:
“The committee feels that this option has to be given consideration. The continuing demand for a separate Telangana has some merit and is not entirely justified. In case this option is exercised the apprehensions of the coastal Andhra and the Rayalaseema people and others who were settled in Hyderabad and other districts of Telangana with regard to their investments, properties, livelihood and employment would need to be adequately addressed.
“Considering all aspects, the Committee felt that while creation of separate Telangana would satisfy a large majority of the people from the region, it will also throw up several serious problems. Therefore, after taking into account of the pros and cons the committee did not think it to be most preferred, but the second best option. Separation is recommended only in case it is unavoidable and if decision can be reached amicably amongst all the three regions.”
6. Keeping the state united by simultaneously providing certain definite constitutional/statuary measures for socio-economic development and political empowerment of Telangana region-creation of a statutorily-empowered Telangana Regional Council:
“In this option, it is proposed to keep the state united and provide constitutional/statuary measures to address the core socio-economic concerns about the development of the Telangana region. This can be done through the establishment of a statutorily-empowered Telangana Regional Council with adequate transfer of funds, functions and functionaries. The regional council will provide a legislative consultative mechanism for the subjects to be dealt with by the Council.
“The united Andhra option is being suggested for continuing the development momentum of the three regions and keeping in mind the national perspective. With firm political and administrative management it should be possible to convey conviction to the people that this option would be in the best interest of all and would provide satisfaction to the maximum number of the people in the state.
"It would also take care of the uncertainty over the future of Hyderabad as a bustling, educational, industrial and IT hub/destination. For management of water and irrigation resources on an equitable basis, a technical body, i.e., Water Management Board and an Irrigation Project Development Corporation in expanded role have been recommended. The above course of action should meet all the issues raised by Telangana people satisfactorily.
“The committee discussed all aspects of this option and while it acknowledges that there will be certain difficulties in its implementation, on balance, it found it the most workable option in the given circumstances and in the best interest of the social and economic welfare of the people of all the three regions. The core issue being one of the socio—economic development and good governance, the committee keeping the national perspective in mind, is of the considered view that this option stands out as the best way forward,” it says.
Appeal for maintaining peace
Four political parties, which attended a meeting convened by the Centre to hand over the report on Telangana by Justice Srikrishna committee, on Thursday issued a joint appeal to the people of Andhra Pradesh to maintain peace and harmony.
The “joint appeal” issued after the meeting also said the parties have agreed to the suggestion of Home Minister P. Chidamabaram that they will meet again later this month after discussing the report within their respective parties.
“We have received the copy of the report of Justice Srikrishna committee and have indicated that we would consider the report within our respective parties before we express our views thereon,” said the statement signed by representatives of Congress, CPI, CPI(M) and PRP.
“We have agreed with the suggestion of the Home Minister that we may meet again later this month.
“Meanwhile, it is our earnest appeal that peace, harmony and law and order should be maintained in Andhra Pradesh,” the appeal said.
While the meeting was boycotted by TRS, TDP and BJP, the representatives of All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) refused to sign the statement.
AIMIM leader Akrabuddin Owaisi said, “We did not sign the appeal because it is not us but the Congress party workers who have been engaged in creating disturbance. The Congress should first put their house in order.”