1,39,091 persons died in the country last year

As many as 1,39,091 persons lost their lives in 4,40,042 road accidents in the country last year.

According to statistics released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Saturday, 1,18,533 of the victims were male. They include 11,571 pedestrians. The 28 States together accounted for 1,36,771 deaths and the seven Union Territories for the remaining.

Tamil Nadu tops the list of with 16,175 deaths in 67,757 accidents, followed by Uttar Pradesh with 15,109 deaths in 24,478 accidents. Andhra Pradesh is third with 14,966 deaths in 39,344 accidents and Maharashtra fourth with 13,936 deaths in 45,247 accidents. The Capital city of Delhi accounts for 1,866 deaths in 6,937 accidents.

The UT of Lakshadweep is the only administrative division where no road accidents have taken place. It has 9,000 registered vehicles as on December 31, 2012.

Accidents involving two wheelers accounted for the largest number of deaths — 32,318 or 23.2 per cent — followed by lorries — 26,678 (19.2 per cent). Bicycles accounted for 3069 deaths.

The death toll in 2012 is 2,257 more than in 2011 — an increase of 1.6 per cent. In 2011 too, Tamil Nadu led the country with 15,422 deaths in 65,873 accidents. Andhra Pradesh was second that year with 15,158 deaths in 41,066 accidents.

Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka accounted for 15.4%, 10.3% and 10.1% of the road accidents in the country.

They also reported the largest number of road accidents each month of the year in 2012. Delhi reported the most number of road accidents among the Union Territories. In fact, its road accidents figure in 2012 stands above those of 14 States.

The rate of accidental deaths per thousand vehicles in 2012 was the highest in Bihar and West Bengal at 1.9 each, followed by Himachal Pradesh with 1.8, Andhra Pradesh 1.5 and Jammu & Kashmir 1.5, compared to 1.0 at the national level. The rate of deaths per 100 cases of accidents was the highest in Nagaland (133.3), followed by Punjab (75.8) and Mizoram (70.0), compared to 31.6 at the national level.

The number of road accidents in 2012 showed only a marginal decrease of 0.02 per cent compared to 2011. In 2011, there were 4,40,123 road accidents.

Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra accounted for 11.6%, 10.9%, 10.8% and 10.0% of the deaths in road accidents in 2012.

Most of the accidents (73,672 cases or 16.7 per cent) took place between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. Between 6 p.m. and 9 p.m., there were 73,070 cases (16.6 per cent). Roads were comparatively safer between 12 midnight and 3 a.m., when there were only 29,483 cases (6.3 per cent).

The statistics also show that the largest number of accidents (38,920) took place in the month of May last year.