National » Andhra Pradesh

Updated: March 25, 2014 23:03 IST

Ancient caves discovered near Kurnool

D. Sreenivasulu
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Inner view of cave temple near Akkampalli. Photo: U. Subramanyam
The Hindu
Inner view of cave temple near Akkampalli. Photo: U. Subramanyam

Contain artwork that depicts 7000-year-old civilisation and culture

A group of caves inhabited by ancient humans has been discovered in Akkampalli near Kurnool district’s Sanjamala.

The site, found by researcher K. Ramakrishna Reddy a few months ago, is thought to be contemporary to the existing rock sites at Ketavaram and Chintakunta near Kadapa district’s Muddanur.

The discovery is archaeologically significant as the caves contain artwork that depicts the state of civilisation and culture 7,000 years ago.

The site comprises five caves — three natural and two rock-cut — the etchings on whose walls throw a great deal of light on the life, culture, traits and beliefs of the era.

Crocodile images

In one of the caves, near-life-size figures of crocodiles are prominently drawn in red ochre. The animal has been depicted with minute details such as nails, scales, legs and its strong jaw.

Given the dozens of images of crocodiles at the site, it is inferable that the area was infested with crocodiles although there are no water bodies there at present.

The site is known as ‘musalla gundu (boulder of crocodile)’. One of the caves has been converted into a Shiva shrine referred to as Nainalappa gudi or Vibhuthipandla guha.

The site is yet to make an entry into the standard literature or archaeological records. Mr. Reddy recently toured the site and presented a paper as part of his doctoral thesis.

Vandalism threat

Mr. Reddy told The Hindu that the ancient treasure faced a serious vandalism threat — many paintings have been disfigured by graffiti and inscriptions of visitors’ names.

He stresses that the preservation of the site, which has survived the vagaries of nature over thousands of years, was more important than its study.

Three points:
1. I thought Hinduism , Vedas, were Aryan in origin. So far, Aryans have been believed to
have come to India from the Caucasian mountains, across Sind River ( hence Sindu,
modified to Hindu).
2. It would be helpful if we knew, from Carbon dating or other recent scientific dating
methods, the dates of the carvings.
3. Have the distinguished palaeozooologists of India anything to contribute?
Thank you in advance.

from:  JK Anand
Posted on: Mar 27, 2014 at 03:11 IST

The discovery is a welcome addition to the human history, but its not a
hindu religious site as some of the readers are pointing out, no where
in the article the writer has mentioned about discovery of hindu
religious relics!

from:  Sekhar
Posted on: Mar 26, 2014 at 17:57 IST

Amazing finding..
Our Paid Media will not show this to the world out there that Hinduism
is the Mother of all religions..

from:  Yash
Posted on: Mar 26, 2014 at 14:46 IST

Amazing discovery! Congratulations and thanks for this great work. Hope
Universities in Andhra Pradesh will take immediate steps to undertake
further research.

from:  M.S.Thirumalai
Posted on: Mar 26, 2014 at 13:03 IST

It is really great to know that our civilization and Hindu religion exist 7000 years back, we
must make it known to the world, otherwise we will have to believe only AD and BC.

from:  C.A.Nath
Posted on: Mar 26, 2014 at 10:30 IST
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