Iraq’s key Shia cleric launches call to arms
Al-Qaeda-inspired militants who seized large swaths of Iraq’s Sunni heartland this week have pushed into an ethnically mixed province northeast of Baghdad, capturing two towns there, officials said on Friday.
The fresh gains by the fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) come as Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s Shia-led government struggles to form a coherent response after the Sunni militants blitzed and captured the country’s second-largest city of Mosul as well as other, smaller communities and military and police bases often after meeting little resistance from state security forces.
Meanwhile Iraq’s influential Shia cleric Ali al-Sistani calls on Iraqis to carry arms to halt advances by Sunni-led insurgents, independent news site Alsumaria News reports.
“Citizens able to carry arms and fight terrorists in defence of their people and country are required to volunteer and join the security forces,” al-Sistani’s representative Abdel-Mahdi al-Karbalani said in a Friday sermon in the southern city of Karbala.
The new reality is the biggest threat to Iraq’s stability since the U.S. withdrawal at the end of 2011, and it has pushed the nation closer to a precipice that could partition it into Sunni, Shia and Kurdish zones.
Police officials said militants driving in machinegun-mounted pickups entered two towns in Diyala Province late Thursday — Jalula, 125 km northeast of Baghdad and Sadiyah, 95 km north of the Iraqi capital.
Iraqi soldiers abandoned their posts there without any resistance, said the officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to talk to media. The officials also said that Kurdish forces from northern Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region entered Jalula to secure offices of Kurdish parties in the town but no clashes were reported between the two groups.
Fighters from the Islamic State have vowed to march on Baghdad and are being joined in their rebellion by Saddam Hussein-era loyalists and other disaffected Sunnis.
Trumpeting their victory, the militants also declared they would impose Shariah law in Mosul, which they captured on Tuesday, and other areas they seized.
A video posted online showed Islamic State fighters holding a parade in a Mosul neighbourhood, with many of the gunmen sporting armoured vehicles and American-made Humvees seized from Iraqi Army and police.
A fighter using a loudspeaker urged the people to join the militant group “to liberate Baghdad and Jerusalem.” The Islamic State’s black banners adorned many of the captured vehicles. Some in the crowd shouted “God is with you” to the fighters.
The video appeared authentic and consistent with AP reporting of the events depicted.
In northern Iraq, Kurdish security forces have moved to fill the power vacuum caused by the retreating Iraqi forces taking over an air base and other posts abandoned by the military in the ethnically mixed city of Kirkuk.
Three planeloads of Americans were being evacuated from a major Iraqi air base in Sunni territory north of Baghdad, U.S. officials said on Thursday, and Germany urged its citizens to immediately leave parts of Iraq, including Baghdad.
President Barack Obama said Iraq will need more help from the United States, but he did not specify what it would be willing to provide. Senior U.S. officials who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the matter by name said Washington is considering whether to conduct drone missions in Iraq.
The U.N. Security Council met on the crisis, underscoring the growing international alarm over the stunning advances by the Islamic State.
Mr. al-Maliki had asked parliament to declare a state of emergency that would give him and his Shiite-led government increased powers to run the country, but the lawmakers failed to assemble a quorum on Thursday.
SADDAM'S POSTERS RAISED IN TIKRIT
In Saddam Hussein’s hometown Tikrit, overrun by the militants on Wednesday, witnesses said fighters raised posters of the late dictator and Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, his former deputy who escaped the 2003 U.S.-led invasion and eluded security forces ever since.
Fighters loyal to his Naqshabandi Army as well as former members of Saddam’s Baath Party were the main militant force in Tikrit on Thursday, said a resident who identified himself by his nickname, Abu Mohammed, out of concern for his safety. He said about 300 soldiers surrendered near the Governor’s office.
Lawmaker Hakim al-Zamili as well as two senior intelligence officials, who were not authorised to talk to the media, confirmed the involvement of Mr. al-Douri’s group and other former Baathists and Saddam-era military commanders.
That could escalate the militants’ campaign to establish an al-Qaeda-like enclave into a wider Sunni uprising and lead to breaking up the country along ethnic and sectarian lines.
With its large Shia population, Baghdad would be a far harder target for the militants. So far, they have stuck to the Sunni heartland and former Sunni insurgent strongholds where people are already alienated by Mr. al-Maliki’s government over allegations of discrimination and mistreatment. The militants also would likely meet far stronger resistance, not only from government forces but by Shia militias.
Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and the Asaib Ahl al-Haq Shia militia vowed to defend Shia holy sites, raising the spectre of street clashes and sectarian killings.
Security has been tightened in Baghdad and residents stocked up on essentials. Hundreds of young men crowded in front of the main army recruiting centre in Baghdad on Thursday after authorities urged Iraqis to help battle the insurgents.
Security officials said Islamic State fighters managed to take control of two weapons depots holding 400,000 items, including AK-47 rifles, rockets and rocket-propelled grenades, artillery shells and mortars. A quarter of the stockpiles was sent to Syria, they said.
Huge blow to al-Maliki
The advances by the Sunni militants are a heavy defeat for Mr. al-Maliki. His Shia-dominated political bloc came first in April parliamentary elections the first since the U.S. military withdrawal in 2011 but failed to gain a majority, forcing him to try to build a governing coalition.
“We do have a stake in making sure that these jihadists are not getting a permanent foothold in either Iraq or Syria, for that matter,” Mr. Obama said in Washington.
Mr. al-Maliki and other Iraqi leaders have pleaded with the Obama administration for more than a year for additional help to combat the growing insurgency.
Efforts on to free Turkish hostages
Separately, diplomatic efforts were underway to free 80 Turkish citizens held by militants in Mosul, an official in the Turkish Prime Minister’s office said. The captives include 49 people seized in the Turkish consulate on Wednesday, said an official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.
Kurdish fighters from the ethnic group’s autonomous enclave in the north showed signs of taking a greater role in fighting back against the Islamic State. Their role is a potential point of friction because both Sunni and Shiite Arabs are wary of Kurdish claims on territory.
Kurdish security forces known as peshmerga took over an air base and other posts abandoned by Iraqi forces in Kirkuk, Brig. Halogard Hikmat, a senior peshmerga official told The Associated Press. He denied reports the whole city was under peshmerga control.