The Syrian Prime Minister who defected said on Tuesday that Bashar Assad’s regime was near collapse and urged other leaders to tip the scales and join the rebel side. The U.N. said an estimated 2.5 million Syrians have been injured, displaced or face problems securing food or other necessities, a sharp rise from about 1 million three months ago.
It was the first public statement by Riad Hijab since he left his post and fled to Jordan with his family last week. Mr. Hijab is the highest-ranking political figure to defect from Mr. Assad’s regime.
“The regime is on the verge of collapse morally and economically in addition to cracks in the military,” Mr. Hijab told a news conference in the Jordanian capital, Amman.
“I was powerless to stop the injustice,” Mr. Hijab said, speaking in front of the rebel flag. He called on “honourable leaders” in Syria to defect as well.
“Syria is full of honourable officials and military leaders who are waiting for the chance to join the revolution,” he said, adding that Mr. Assad’s forces only control 30 per cent of Syria.
“I urge the army to follow the example of Egypt’s and Tunisia’s armies take the side of the people,” he added.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 45 people, including 29 civilians, were killed in on Tuesday throughout Syria while the Local Coordination Committees, another activist group, said 50 people lost their lives. The Observatory said six members of the same family, including two children, were killed when troops shelled the eastern village of Shumaita.
In Geneva, the U.N. said that its humanitarian chief has begun talks in Syria on a mission to boost international aid inside the war-battered country. Valerie Amos was to meet with Syria’s foreign ministry and the Red Crescent, which has been the pipeline for humanitarian supplies to Syrians caught in the civil war.
Jens Laerke, a spokesman for the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Geneva, said Mr. Amos is on a three-day visit to the region.
She said the U.N. now estimates that more than 2 million Syrians have been injured, displaced or facing problems securing food or other necessities. Also, more than 200,000 refugees have fled to neighboring countries including Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan.
“We have a situation where there is an ongoing humanitarian crisis,” Mr. Amos said in Damascus after meeting National Reconciliation Minister Ali Haidar. “Three months ago, we thought that there were about a million people who were in need of assistance. We’re now having to revise that number to about 2.5 million,” she added.
“I think it’s important that all parties to the conflict recognise that it is ordinary men and women who are caught up in the middle of this and that it is important that the fighting stops,” she added.
A spokesman for outgoing U.N. peace envoy Kofi Annan said that Syria authorities have backed former Algerian Foreign Minister Lakhdar Brahimi as his successor. The spokesman, Ahmed Fawzi, said the next step was for Brahimi, a longtime U.N. official, to formally accept the post and resume efforts for a diplomatic solution to Syria’s crisis.
In Lebanon, the militant Hezbollah group denied on Tuesday that a man captured in the Syrian capital of Damascus and shown in a video released by the rebels was one of its members.
The video is the latest incident to reflect rising sectarian divisions in Syria’s vicious civil war, which has seen an increase in abductions of Shiite Muslims who many rebel fighters perceive as supporting Mr. Assad. The regime is dominated by members of Mr. Assad’s Alawite minority sect, an offshoot of Shia Islam. Sunnis, who are the majority in Syria, make up the backbone of the opposition.
The video purporting to show the captured Lebanese man followed another highly circulated rebel video Monday, showing the downing of the Syrian MiG and armed men later holding the captured pilot who ejected. Syria acknowledged a pilot had bailed out of a disabled plane but blamed the crash in Deir el-Zour on a technical malfunction.
In the video with the Lebanese captive, a man identifies himself as Hassane Salim al-Mikdad, and says he was one of 1,500 Hezbollah fighters sent to Syria on August 3, 2012. The video was said to have been released by rebels and aired by Arab satellite TV Al-Arabiya on Tuesday.
“Most of those who entered were snipers,” said the captive, whose face showed bruises as three masked gunmen stood behind him. A man, who could not be seen, was asking the hostage questions.
The captive then says that Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah gathered the men before they headed to Syria and told them that they should go to “support the Shiite regime and the Shiite Army against Sunni gangs.” The authenticity of the video could not be independently confirmed.
There have been several attacks and abductions in Syria of Shia from Lebanon, Iran and Iraq over the past months that were blamed on Syrian rebels. In May, Syrian rebels captured 11 Lebanese Shias shortly after they crossed from Turkey on their way to Lebanon.
Earlier this month, 48 Iranians were captured by Syrian rebels near Damascus. Rebels claim the Iranians include members of Tehran’s Revolutionary Guard and were on a “reconnaissance mission” in the Syrian capital. Iran insists the men were on a religious pilgrimage.
The Lebanese are apparently held to try to pressure the government in Beirut to show greater support for the Syrian rebels which is unlikely because of Hezbollah’s strong influence and backing of Mr. Assad.
Also, many Iraqi Shias, streaming back to their homeland in the past month to escape the conflict in Syria, reported a rash of attacks against their community, apparently by Sunni rebel gunmen. In one gruesome case, the U.N. said an Iraqi family of seven was killed at gunpoint in their Damascus apartment.
The motives for the attacks on Iraqis are unclear. They may be revenge against any Iraqi because the Shia-led Iraqi government is seen as siding with Mr. Assad.