Syrian troops shelled residential neighbourhoods dominated by rebels in the central city of Homs on Sunday, activists said, hours before the first batch of United Nations observers were to arrive in Damascus to shore up a shaky truce.
A spokesman for international envoy Kofi Annan said the group of six observers were due to arrive on Sunday night and will be “on the ground in blue helmets tomorrow”.
Ahmad Fawzi told The Associated Press the six “will be quickly augmented by up to 25 to 30 from the region and elsewhere”. The observers took off soon after the U.N. Security Council in New York voted on Saturday to authorise an advance team of observers to help maintain Syria’s ceasefire.
The reported shelling in Homs is threatening the truce to which President Bashar Assad and rebels fighting to topple him had agreed. Both sides accuse each other of violating the truce at the centre of Mr. Annan’s peace plan.
“What ceasefire? There’s an explosion every five to six minutes,” said Yazan, a Homs-based activist, contacted by Skype. “I can also hear the sound of a reconnaissance plane. It’s flying very low.”
In an amateur video posted on the Internet by activists on Sunday, explosions and gunfire can be heard echoing as Khaldiyeh’s skyline is engulfed in gray smoke. Homs-based activists said other districts including Bayada, Jouret el-Shayah, Qarabees and Qusour were also being bombarded.
“If you saw Homs right now you wouldn’t recognise it,” said Mr. Yazan, describing rubble-strewn roads and badly damaged apartment blocs. “You walk around and it’s not unusual to find dead people in cars on the street,” he said, giving only his first name for fear of retribution.
The Local Coordination Committees activist network said the day started with a barrage of shells that fell at the rate of six each minute, shaking the neighbourhood of Khaldiyeh for the second consecutive day. There was no immediate word on casualties.
Syrian troops shelled residential neighbourhoods of Homs on Saturday in the first use of heavy weapons since the ceasefire officially took effect on Thursday, activists said. They say five were killed, among them Samir Shalab al-Sham, 26, a photographer and father of two who had been documenting the destruction.
Rebels were reported by the state media to have fired rocket-propelled grenades.
The regime restricts access of foreign observers, including journalists, making it difficult to verify reports of violence independently.
Saturday’s resolution gave the 15-nation Security Council its first united front since the uprising against President Bashar Assad began 13 months ago. It called for immediate deployment of up to 30 monitors, to be followed by a larger contingent of up to 250 once the situation has stabilised.
Mr. Fawzi said the council will be asked to approve a full mission of about 250 observers assuming the ceasefire holds based on a report by the U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon next week.
Emphasising that both sides must halt the violence that has killed more than 9,000, the council called on Syria to pull soldiers and heavy weapons out of towns and cities a truce provision Mr. Assad’s regime has ignored. It also demanded urgent compliance with Annan’s six-point plan intended to lead to talks between the regime and the opposition on Syria’s political future.
The plan is widely seen as the only remaining chance for diplomacy, mainly because it has the backing of Syria allies Russia and China that shielded Assad from Security Council condemnation in the past.
Mr. Annan said in Geneva that he was “very relieved and happy” about the council vote.
Mr. Ban also welcomed the resolution.
“I will make sure that this advanced observer mission will be dispatched as soon as possible and try to make concrete proposals by eighteenth of April for an official observer mission,” he said.
Western powers and opposition leaders remain sceptical about Mr. Assad’s willingness to ease his tight grip on the country, ruled by his family for four decades. The regime appears to have complied with parts of the Annan plan, while flouting others.
With the exception of Homs, an opposition stronghold pounded by daily regime shelling in the three weeks leading up to the cease-fire, the military has halted random shelling and mortar attacks on rebel-held residential areas, which were the daily norm in recent weeks. However, it has maintained an intimidating presence of troops, tanks and plainclothes security agents in the streets and demanded that anti-government protesters seek permits, despite Annan’s demand that peaceful gatherings be allowed.
Activist Yazan said on Thursday, the day the ceasefire went into effect, was the only quiet day. “But the shelling resumed Friday and it has been escalating since then.”