The Syrian Arab Republic (Al-Jumhūriyyah Al-‘Arabīyah As-Sūriyyah in Arabic) is the official name of modern day Syria, the land which could be as old as history itself. Its capital Damascus is arguably the oldest continuously inhabited in the world. Syria or Sham in Arabic is the seat of the Eblan civilisation of the third millennium B.C.

Syria came into being after the World War I as a French mandate. The new landmass was the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled areas.


Kingdom of Syria established by the Hashemite family’s Faisal I, who later became King of Iraq.

Faisal I’s rule ends in few months as French troops defeat his forces at the Battle of Maysalun.

Syria Put under a French mandate by the League of Nations


Revolt against French rule led by Sultan al-Atrash breaks out in the Druze Mountain, spreads to whole of Syria and even parts of Lebanon.

In August 23, al-Atrash declares revolution against France and rebels win several battles against the mandate

France mobilises its troops from Morocco and Senegal, regains many cities held by the lightly armed rebels. But rebellion lasts until 1927.

The French sentence al-Atrash to death, but he escapes to Jordan.


Syria and France sign treaty of independence in September. Hashim al-Atassi, Faisal I's Prime Minister, becomes President.

French Legislature refuses to ratify the treaty effectively nullifying it.


France’s defeat in World War II, puts Syria under Vichy France, a rebel French regime

British and official French forces occupy the country in July 1941.

Syria proclaims independence again in 1941, but its was not unrecognised by the world community

On January 1, 1944 it was recognised as an independent republic


Syrian nationalist groups and the British force French out of Syria

In April 1946, Syria gains independence as a Parliamentary Republic

Season of coups


Syria takes part in the Arab-Israeli War

Israel inflicts crushing defeat on Arab states, but Syria manages to keep Golan Heights and its old borders, dispute over which will haunt Israel-Syria ties for long

Country witnesses three coups in 1949. In March, Col. Husni al-Za'im leads arguably the first military overthrow of the Arab World since World War II

In the same year, Col. Sami al-Hinnawi leads another coup, but he himself was quickly deposed by Col. Adib Shishakli


Col. Shishakli’s rule that saw abolition of multiparty democracy ends with another coup

Parliamentary system gets restored, but military influence strips meaning civilian politics

Military and urban Sunni elite control power


Martial law declared during the Suez Crisis as Israel, Britain and France invade Egypt.

In November, Syria signs pact with the Soviet Union, gets planes, tanks, and other military equipment

Merger with Egypt


On February 1, Syrian President Shukri al-Quwatli and Egyptian President Gamal Abdal Nasser announced merger of the two states, creating the United Arab Republic

Syria: Timeline part II — From Ba’ath takeover to Syria uprising

Source: Wikipedia, The Hindu reports


Turkey aiding peshmerga fighters to enter KobaneOctober 21, 2014

US not rushing to war in Syria June 17, 2013

13 killed in car bomb explosion in SyriaJuly 15, 2013

Syrian Kurds battle al-Qaeda-linked rebel faction August 20, 2013

Syrian forces bomb area of alleged chemical attack August 22, 2013

US weighing military strike against SyriaAugust 24, 2013

Obama says US is pushing UN for Syria actionAugust 23, 2013

Syria militant vows revenge for alleged gas attack August 25, 2013

U.N. ignored evidence presented by Syria: RussiaSeptember 20, 2013

Rouhani offers to mediate Syria talksSeptember 20, 2013

Syria’s neighbours feel strain as they take in flood of refugeesSeptember 26, 2013

UN begins destruction of Syrian chemical weaponsOctober 6, 2013

12 killed in Syrian helicopter attack: watchdogJune 18, 2014

Clashes on Syria-Lebanon border kill severalJuly 14, 2014

Obama tamps down prospect of strikes in SyriaAugust 29, 2014

Syria Timeline: (1961 to date) — From Ba’ath takeover to the uprisingJuly 6, 2012

Top general defects as West asks Assad to step down July 6, 2012

We must force Syrians to talk: PutinJuly 9, 2012

Syrian jets fire rockets into eastern LebanonJune 8, 2013

Syrian rebels capture key areas near Turkish borderDecember 10, 2012

Syrian forces battle rebels near Damascus December 4, 2012

Beware the lemming impulseMay 9, 2013

Syrian troops attack rebels near DamascusDecember 15, 2012

Assad “detached from reality,” says U.S.January 7, 2013

Syria troops, rebels fight near bases in northeastJanuary 19, 2013

Syria crisis: Assad sends top aide to meet ManmohanMarch 2, 2013

Piling mistake upon mistake March 7, 2013

Suicide bombing kills top pro-Assad preacherMarch 22, 2013

Tepid response to U.S. move November 12, 2012

Israel fires warning shots into Syria November 11, 2012

Assad will remain president until 2014May 30, 2013

Glimmer of hope in Syria May 10, 2013

Syrian rebels capture key border crossings July 20, 2012

The familiar drumbeat of warJuly 27, 2012

Kofi Annan resigns as Syria envoy August 2, 2012

France calls for U.N. aid for Syria as clashes continueAugust 4, 2012

Eid ceasefire in Syria breached, says OppositionOctober 26, 2012

Syria’s rebels launch offensive on military air baseNovember 3, 2012

Syria crisis: rebels capture parts of army base in Homs April 18, 2013