President Barack Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu headed into a White House meeting on Tuesday with the same goal- trying to move the Israelis and Palestinians to resume face—to—face peace talks.
It comes after a rocky White House meeting between Mr. Obama and Mr. Netanyahu in March after Israel’s surprise announcement of plans for new construction in east Jerusalem as Vice-President Joe Biden was in Israel and preparing for dinner with the prime minister.
Mr. Netanyahu on Sunday endorsed the U.S. call for direct talks between the Israelis and Palestinians, just days after White House officials said Mr. Obama would push during the Oval Office session for those negotiations to get under way sooner rather than later.
Addressing his cabinet on Sunday, Mr. Netanyahu said the “time has come” for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to get ready to meet with the Israelis “because there is no other way to advance peace. I hope this will be one of the results of the visit to Washington.”
Aides to Mr. Obama sounded a hopeful tone late last week, telling reporters that weeks of shuttle diplomacy between the two sides by George Mitchell, Mr. Obama’s special envoy to the Middle East, had paid off and “the gaps have narrowed.”
“We believe there are opportunities to further narrow those gaps, to allow the sides to take that next step to direct talks,” added Daniel Shapiro, the senior Middle East director at the National Security Council.
Mr. Obama and Mr. Netanyahu also are expected to discuss Israel’s decision on Monday to significantly ease its blockade of the Gaza Strip to let in most consumer goods. Israel’s ban on exports from Gaza and limits on shipments of construction material remain.
Israel came under heavy international pressure, including from Mr. Obama and other top U.S. officials, to loosen its three—year—old land and naval blockade of the seaside territory following Israel’s deadly May 31 military raid on a flotilla trying to break the embargo.
At the time, Mr. Obama said the situation was “unsustainable.” He called for a narrow blockade to bar weapons that Gaza’s Hamas rulers could use against Israel while admitting items the territory’s 1.5 million Palestinians need for daily living and economic development.
Mr. Obama and Mr. Netanyahu also are likely to discuss efforts to end Iran’s nuclear weapons pursuit, including sanctions Mr. Obama signed into law last week. That legislation followed a fourth round of U.N. Security Council sanctions against Iran.
Tuesday’s meeting will be the fifth between Mr. Obama and Mr. Netanyahu and would make up for a scheduled June 1 session at the White House that Mr. Netanyahu cancelled to deal with fallout from the flotilla raid.
The session follows meetings Mr. Obama held at the White House in recent weeks with key Mideast players, including Abbas and King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.
Getting both sides to resume direct talks, which broke off in December 2008, is a huge challenge. One big sticking point is Israel’s continued construction of Jewish housing in east Jerusalem, an area the Palestinians claim as part of a hoped—for future state.
The Palestinians have refused to sit down with Mr. Netanyahu until he agrees to freeze construction in areas they want for an independent state. Israel recently said it has no intention of doing so.
Mr. Abbas said last week that the borders of a future Palestinian state and security relations with Israel are the two issues on the table. He said direct talks can resume if an agreement is reached on them.
Mr. Obama has called on Jerusalem to halt settlement construction and on the Palestinians to show progress on security and inciting violence against Israel.