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Updated: April 6, 2011 09:05 IST

Japan sets new radiation safety level for seafood

AP
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A Buddhist monk, offering prayer, walks through the area destroyed by a tsunami in Yamada, Iwate prefecture, northern Japan on Monday. Photo: AP.
A Buddhist monk, offering prayer, walks through the area destroyed by a tsunami in Yamada, Iwate prefecture, northern Japan on Monday. Photo: AP.

The new levels coupled with reports that radiation was building up in fish led the government to create an acceptable radiation standard for fish for the first time. Some fish caught on Friday off Japan’s coastal waters would have exceeded the new provisional limit.

The government set its first radiation safety standards for fish on Tuesday after Japan’s tsunami—ravaged nuclear plant reported radioactive contamination in nearby seawater measuring at several million times the legal limit.

The plant operator insisted that the radiation will rapidly disperse and that it poses no immediate danger, but an expert said exposure to the highly concentrated levels near the Fukushima Dai—ichi plant could cause immediate injury and that the leaks could result in residual contamination of the sea in the area.

The new levels coupled with reports that radiation was building up in fish led the government to create an acceptable radiation standard for fish for the first time. Some fish caught on Friday off Japan’s coastal waters would have exceeded the new provisional limit.

Radiation has been leaking into Pacific near the plant on the north-eastern Japanese coast since a 9.0—magnitude earthquake spawned a massive tsunami that inundated the complex. Over the weekend, workers there discovered a crack where highly contaminated water was spilling directly into the ocean.

The tsunami pulverized about 250 miles (400 kilometers) of the north-eastern coast, flattening whole towns and cities and killing up to 25,000 people. Tens of thousands more lost their homes in the crush of water, and several thousand were forced from the area near the plant because of radiation concerns.

Many of those “radiation refugees” have grown frustrated with the mandatory 12—mile (20—kilometer) no—go zone, and plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. whose stock value has plunged to the lowest level in its 60—year history - said on Tuesday it would give affected towns 20 million yen ($240,000) each.

Also on Tuesday, TEPCO announced that samples taken from seawater near one of the reactors contained 7.5 million times the legal limit for radioactive iodine on April 2. Two days later, that figure dropped to 5 million.

The company said in a statement that even those large amounts would have “no immediate impact” on the environment but added that it was working to stop the leak as soon as possible.

The readings released on Tuesday were taken closer to the plant than before, apparently because new measuring points were added after the crack was discovered, and did not necessarily reflect a worsening of the contamination. Other measurements several hundred yards (meters) away from the plant have declined to levels about 1,000 times the legal limit, down from more than four times that last week.

Experts agree that radiation dissipates quickly in the vast Pacific, but direct exposure to the most contaminated water measured would lead to “immediate injury,” said Yoichi Enokida, a professor of materials science at Nagoya University’s graduate school of engineering.

He added that seawater may be diluting the iodine, which decays quickly, but the leak also contains long—lasting cesium—137. Both can build up in fish, though iodine’s short half—life means it does not stay there for very long. The long—term effects of cesium, however, will need to be studied, he said.

“It is extremely important to implement a plan to reduce the outflow of contaminated water as soon as possible,” he said.

Although Fukushima is not a major fishing region, fishermen there are growing alarmed. No fishing is allowed in the direct vicinity of the plant, but they fret that demand will collapse for catches elsewhere in the region, whether or not they are contaminated.

“Our prefecture’s fisherman have lost their lives, fishing boats, piers and buildings” in the earthquake and tsunami and now much suffer the added affects of radioactive runoff from the plant, local fishermen’s federation head Tetsu Nozaki said in a letter faxed to the company.

“Even if the government says the fish is safe, people won’t want to buy seafood from Fukushima,” said Ichiro Yamagata, a fisherman who used to live within sight of the nuclear plant and has since fled to a shelter in Tokyo. “We probably can’t fish there for 10 to 20 years.”

Some government assurances of safety have done little to quell panic. In Tokyo, for instance, there were runs on bottled water after officials said radiation in tap water there was above the level considered safe for infants, though insisted it was still OK for adults.

On Tuesday, officials decided to apply the maximum allowable radiation limit for vegetables to fish, according to Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano.

“We will conduct strict monitoring and move forward after we understand the complete situation,” he said.

The move came after the health ministry reported that fish caught off Ibaraki prefecture, which is about halfway between the plant and Tokyo, contained levels of radioactive iodine that exceeded the new legal limit. Cesium was also found just below the limit. The fish were caught on Friday, before the safety limit was announced.

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