Senior members of Israel’s ruling coalition on Thursday rallied behind embattled Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in his dispute with the U.S., saying Israel would keep on building Jewish homes in east Jerusalem and accusing Washington of unfairly putting pressure on the government.
The hard—line stance signalled even deeper trouble for the U.S. as it tries to restart Israeli—Palestinian peace talks, which broke down more than a year ago.
Mr. Netanyahu left Washington early Thursday after a last—ditch effort to heal the rift over Israel’s policies in east Jerusalem appeared to fail. The U.S. wants Israel to stop building Jewish homes in east Jerusalem - the section of the city that the Palestinians want as the capital of a future state.
Mr. Netanyahu refuses, saying the entire holy city must remain Israel’s capital.
Silvan Shalom, Netanyahu’s deputy and sometimes rival in the ruling Likud Party, told Israel Radio on Thursday that he “completely supports” the prime minister, saying that the Jewish people’s historical bond to Jerusalem is unbreakable.
“The subject of building in Jerusalem is unconditional and if we blink we will lose everything,” Mr. Shalom said, warning the government would collapse if Israel backs down.
“The prime minister has a mandate not just from Likud voters or the Jewish people here but from the Jewish people from throughout the generations and therefore in this regard we have no option to accept another decision and no other decision can be made.”
While he said the relationship with Washington is critical for Israel, he said “the United States needs to understand that if it is one sided only and all the pressure is on Israel only, then that way doesn’t contribute and might cause an opposite effect. The efforts need to be directed to both sides.”
Mr. Netanyahu’s culture and national infrastructure ministers made similar comments in radio interviews on Thursday.
The fate of Jerusalem is the most explosive issue in the Israeli—Palestinian conflict.
Israel captured east Jerusalem from Jordan in the 1967 Mideast war and immediately annexed the area - a move that has never been recognized internationally. The Palestinians want east Jerusalem to be the capital of an independent state that includes the neighbouring West Bank, as well as the Gaza Strip to Israel’s south.
Over the years, Israel has built a ring of Jewish neighbourhoods in east Jerusalem to cement its control over the area. Some 180,000 Israelis now live in these neighbourhoods, which the international community view as illegal settlements.
The Palestinians have refused to return to the negotiating table until Israel freezes construction in all settlements in the West Bank and east Jerusalem. Mr. Netanyahu has only offered to slow construction in the West Bank.
There was no immediate Palestinian reaction. But in neighbouring Jordan, King Abdullah II warned Israel that it is playing with fire over its settlement policy and that the Jewish state must decide whether it wants peace or war.
He urged Israel to take “tangible actions” toward ending settlements and resuming peace talks.
The crisis with the U.S. erupted earlier this month when Israel announced during a visit to Israel by Vice- President Joe Biden that it plans to build 1,600 new apartments in a Jewish neighbourhood of east Jerusalem.
Mr. Biden condemned the move, and plans to resume peace talks through U.S. mediation were put on hold. The U.S. has asked Israel to cancel the plan.
Mr. Netanyahu’s Washington visit this week had been meant as a fence—mending mission. But he again refused to soften Israel’s line on east Jerusalem - a position that was underscored by an announcement from Jerusalem city officials that they had approved 20 new apartments for a Jewish housing project in the heart of an Arab neighbourhood.
Interior Minister Eli Yishai, whose office oversees approval of new housing construction, pledged in a newspaper interview to keep on building in east Jerusalem.
“I thank God I have been given the opportunity to be the minister who approves the construction of thousands of housing units in Jerusalem,” he said.