Thailand’s leader delivered a thinly veiled message to Washington on Wednesday that the extradition of suspected Russian arms smuggler, Viktor Bout, cannot be rushed and will only happen after the necessary legal steps are completed.
“We are not sending Viktor Bout back today. There are still several legal steps to go through,” Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva said.
Mr. Abhisit’s comment came after a flurry of overnight rumours that the extradition had already taken place or that Bout would be escorted by commandos and handed over to U.S. authorities on Wednesday morning. Other Thai officials also indicated that the U.S. was trying to speed the legal process but said that Thailand would not be pressured.
Bout, a 43-year-old former Soviet air force officer, is reputed to be one of the world’s most prolific arms dealers. He is known as “The Merchant of Death” and was an inspiration for the arms dealer played by Nicolas Cage in the 2005 film, “Lord of War.”
A Thai appeals court on Friday ordered Bout’s extradition within three months to face four terrorism-related charges in the U.S.
American authorities want him turned over quickly but a legal bottleneck appears to have stalled the process.
The U.S. Embassy declined any comment on the case or on Thai news reports that an American government plane had landed at a military airport adjacent to Bangkok’s Don Muang airport Tuesday.
“Due to security reasons we will not comment on pending extradition cases,” said embassy spokeswoman Kristin Kneedler.
U.S. State Department spokesman Philip J. Crowley would not discuss timing of extradition on Tuesday night, except to say it is “pending.”
“We look forward to seeing him in a U.S. court,” Crowley said.
In an illustration of the confusion, the Bangkok Post newspaper reported on its front page on Wednesday that the extradition had already taken place. Under the headline, “US swoops to grab Bout,” the paper reported that, “His sudden extradition this morning has caught many Thai authorities by surprise.”
Prior to Friday’s ruling, the U.S. had filed additional charges against Bout, a step that was now slowing down his extradition because Bout cannot legally leave Thailand until he goes to court to hear the charges or the U.S. drops them, said Sirisak Tiyapan, director of the international division at the Office of the Attorney General. The new charges of money laundering and wire fraud stem from an updated U.S. indictment against Bout filed in February 2009.
“I gather the U.S. government has contacted the Foreign Ministry asking to drop the second charges,” Sirisak said. If that happens, the Ministry will notify the Attorney General’s office, which would ask the court to drop the charges, and then the court can process the request. The extradition itself involves separate paperwork.
“I think (the U.S.) really wants him. They don’t want to wait for the three months to expire,” he said, adding, “We do not feel pressure from either the United States or Russia. The procedure follows clear international treaties and laws, and Thailand is obliged to comply.”
Bout was arrested in Bangkok in March 2008 as part of a U.S.-led sting operation. The case set off a diplomatic tug-of-war between Washington and Moscow.
Bout has allegedly supplied weapons that fuelled civil wars in South America, the Middle East and Africa, with clients including Liberia’s Charles Taylor and Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi and both sides of the civil war in Angola.
The head of a lucrative air transport empire, Bout had long evaded U.N. and U.S. sanctions aimed at blocking his financial activities and restricting his travel. He has denied any involvement in illicit activities and claims he ran a legitimate business.
Bout’s arrest at a Bangkok luxury hotel was part of an elaborate sting in which U.S. agents posed as arms buyers for the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, which Washington classifies as a terrorist organization.
Bout was subsequently indicted in the U.S. on four terrorism-related charges that include conspiring to kill Americans and conspiring to sell millions of dollars worth of weapons to FARC, including more than 700 surface-to-air missiles, thousands of guns, high-tech helicopters and airplanes outfitted with grenade launchers and missiles.