French President Francois Hollande for the first time has provided details of his plan to pull France’s combat troops out of Afghanistan by the end of the year, saying he would leave around 1,400 soldiers behind to help with training and logistics.
The new French leader, making good on one of the major foreign-policy promises of his campaign, confirmed in a one-day visit to Afghanistan on Friday that all of France’s 2,000 combat troops would be brought home by the end of this year putting France on a fast-track exit timetable that sparked consternation among some allies at a NATO summit in Chicago early this week.
“The time for Afghan sovereignty has come,” Mr. Hollande said during a meeting with French troops at a base in Kapisa province’s Nijrab district. “The terrorist threat that targeted our territory, while it hasn’t totally disappeared, is in part lessened.”
The French leader met with troops and discussed the withdrawal plans with Afghan President Hamid Karzai. Mr. Hollande’s visit was not announced ahead of time for security reasons.
France now has 3,400 troops and 150 gendarmes in Afghanistan. Under Mr. Hollande’s plan, some would stay behind to help send military equipment back to France, and others would help train the Afghan army and police. He did not provide a breakdown for the roles of the 1,400 soldiers who will remain past 2012 or how long they would stay.
“We won’t have any more combat forces in Afghanistan after Dec. 31, 2012. I say specifically combat forces,” Mr. Hollande said during a function at the French Embassy. “We will still have a military force that will be dedicated to the training of Afghan army officers that will also be present at the hospital, the airport and also will allow the Afghans to have a police force that is the most effective possible.”
“This is a continuation, and there will be further engagement but in a different form,” he said, such as in cultural and economic matters. “We want France to have a presence in Afghanistan differently from how it did in the past.”
France has troops in the capital Kabul, in the Surobi district and Kapisa province to the east, and at Kandahar air base in the south where it has three fighter jets. A French military spokesman, Col. Thierry Burkhard, said most of the 2,000 who will leave will be those in Kapisa and Surobi. He said “hundreds” of trainers would remain, and soldiers conducting pullout logistics will leave bit by bit along with the withdrawing troops.
Reflecting increasing French disillusionment with the war, Mr. Hollande’s conservative predecessor, Nicolas Sarkozy, had pledged to withdraw all troops by the end of 2013. Tension over Mr. Hollande’s pledge to end France’s combat mission a year earlier than that dominated the NATO summit, unleashing fears of a domino effect of other allies withdrawing early. France is one of the top troop contributors.
Teissier also said the quick pullout would expose French troops. “Once the combat troops are gone, who’s going to protect the 1,000-odd soldiers responsible for bringing home the equipment we’ve left behind?” he said on BFM Television. “It’s a very big risk for our soldiers ... It leads me to believe that Francois Hollande doesn’t understand defence matters and world geopolitics.”
“France gave its word to a commitment of the (NATO-led) coalition, and taking it back weakens it,” he added.
President Barack Obama last year decided to pull out 33,000 U.S. combat troops by September. Gen. John Allen, the top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan, said this week that on Sept. 30 there will be 68,000 U.S. and about 40,000 other coalition forces in Afghanistan compared to more than 130,000 last year.
The coalition has started handing over security control to Afghan army and police in areas home to 75 percent of the population, with a goal of putting them in the lead for all the country by mid-2013. NATO and other foreign forces would then be in a support role for the 352,000-strong Afghan National Security Forces.
Kapisa, where French forces are based, is one of the areas now being transferred to Afghan control. Ashraf Ghani, head of a commission overseeing the transition, said earlier this month that “the risks in Kapisa are containable and within our capability.”