Two explosions shook an anti-government demonstration site in Thailand’s capital on Sunday, wounding at least 28 people in the latest violence to hit Bangkok as the nation’s increasingly volatile political crisis drags on.
Police said the blasts near Victory Monument, in the north of the city, were caused by fragmentation grenades the same kind that killed one man and wounded dozens Friday in a similar explosion targeting protest marchers.
The demonstrators, who control several small patches of Bangkok, are vying to overthrow Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra’s government and derail Feb. 2 elections she called in a bid to quell the crisis.
Witnesses said the explosions occurred about two minutes apart. The first blast went off about 100-200 meters (yards) from a stage set up by protesters, leaving a small crater beside a vendor’s stall. The second went off near a row of vendors selling anti-government T-shirts, leaving bloody clothes and a ripped white-and-blue plastic tarp scattered across the ground.
Protester Theerayuth Uthakapintanont said that the second blast struck two vendors who were selling merchandise to protesters in the street.
The Erawan Medical Centre, which tracks casualties, said 28 people were wounded.
Bangkok, a vast city of 12 million people, is calm, but such incidents have occurred nearly every day over the last week, including shooting attacks at protest venues and small explosives hurled at the homes of top protest supporters.
It is unclear who is behind the unrest. But prolonged violence, even on a small scale, increases the chance that the military will stage a coup. Such a scenario would benefit protesters, who have called on the army to take sides and do not have the numbers to bring down the government on their own.
Thailand’s army has staged about a dozen successful coups since the end of absolute monarchy in 1932. The last coup, in 2006, toppled then-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra Yingluck’s brother and touched off a societal schism that in broad terms pits the majority rural poor who back the Shinawatras against an urban-based elite establishment supported by the army and staunch royalists who see Yingluck’s family as a corrupt threat to the traditional structures of power.
Yingluck’s opponents a minority that can no longer win at the polls argue the Shinawatras are using their electoral majority to impose their will and subvert democracy.
The crisis boiled over again late last year after the ruling party attempted to push through an amnesty bill that would have allowed Thaksin to return from self-imposed exile. Thaksin has lived abroad since 2008 to avoid a prison sentence for a corruption conviction.
Late Saturday night, a gunman opened fire on anti-government protesters in Bangkok’s Lad Prao district, where protesters have taken over a key intersection. A 54-year-old man was shot in the back and seriously wounded in the shooting. He underwent surgery and was in the intensive care unit on Sunday, the Erawan Centre said.
The shooting took place about 300 meters (yards) from a protest stage, police Col. Komsak Sumangkaset said. The wounded man was a volunteer guard at a barricade tasked with checking vehicles and people entering the protest area, he said.
On Friday, a grenade hurled at a crowd of marching demonstrators in another part of Bangkok killed one man and wounded dozens of people, police said.
Anxious about triggering military intervention, Yingluck has ordered police to go out of their way to avoid confrontations with protesters. The strategy is aimed at averting violence, but it also has undermined rule of law and the government’s authority, with police staying away from the scattered pockets of Bangkok controlled by demonstrators.
The protest movement has taken the law into its own hands. A protest leader, Issara Somchai, said demonstrators on Saturday detained two men allegedly found with small homemade explosives and handcuffs.
Somchai said Sunday that the pair, suspected of planning violence, was still in the hands of protesters and was being “investigated.”
“We are taking care of them. They are safe with us,” said Somchai, adding that the men were also being protected from demonstrators who could seek revenge.