Suspected supporters of Egypt’s military rulers attacked predominantly Islamist anti-government protesters outside the Defence Ministry in Cairo on Wednesday, setting off clashes that left 11 dead as political tensions rise three weeks before crucial Presidential elections.
Protesters have been camped outside the Defence Ministry for days demanding an end to the military rule that replaced Hosni Mubarak, the long-time authoritarian leader ousted 14 months ago in a popular uprising.
Most of the protesters were supporters of disqualified Presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu Ismail, an ultraconservative Islamist. He was barred from running because his mother held dual Egyptian-U.S. citizenship, something that rendered him ineligible under election laws.
Several Presidential candidates announced the suspension of their campaigns, accusing the military rulers of failure to stop the bloodshed. Several key political parties, including the Muslim Brotherhood, also boycotted a meeting with the ruling generals in protest. The meeting, however, went ahead as scheduled to discuss efforts to create a panel to draft a new Constitution.
Egypt has been plagued by sporadic bouts of violence, often surrounding anti-government protests, in the transitional period following the uprising. More than 100 people have been killed in that time. Critics accuse the ruling generals of badly bungling the shift to democratic rule and of acting too much like the former autocratic regime.
The disqualification of three leading Presidential candidates recently raised tensions in the country ahead of the May 23-24, 2012 vote, the final step in the democratic transition. Islamists have emerged as the dominant political force in the country in the post-Mubarak period, taking control of Parliament with a strong majority.
The ruling military council has promised to hand over power to a civilian administration by July 1, 2012 but that has not stopped rallies demanding the generals leave immediately.
Security officials said the clashes broke out at dawn when assailants set upon several hundred protesters who had camped out in the area since early Saturday. Hospital officials said nine of the 11 killed died of gunshot wounds to the head. The other two were stabbed to death.
The Health Ministry only confirmed nine dead.
It was not immediately clear if the victims were all protesters or if any of the attackers were among the dead.
The clashes resumed later in the morning, after a few hours’ lull, but then stopped again when lines of black-clad riot police and Army troops backed by armoured vehicles moved in to separate the two sides at noon.
The officials said rocks, clubs and firebombs were used in the clashes. Witnesses reported hearing gunshots during the fighting, which lasted several hours. Video footage broadcast on regional television channels showed pitched battles between the two sides on residential streets close to the Defence Ministry in the Cairo district of Abbasiyah, which has emerged recently as a stronghold of Mubarak supporters and backers of the generals who succeeded him.
The rattle of gunshots could be heard in the footage and bearded Abu Ismail supporters chanting Allahu Akbar (God is Great), as others pelted their attackers with rocks. It was not clear who was shooting. Some of the protesters carried clubs, while many wore hard hats to protect their heads from flying rocks.
The protest camp near the Defence Ministry began with only Abu Ismail supporters but they were later joined by protesters from various pro-democracy groups. The protesters’ number would swell to up to two or three thousands in the evenings but stayed around 1,000 during the days.
There have been unconfirmed media reports that some of the Abu Ismail supporters brought firearms to their encampment after an attack by assailants earlier this week that left one protester dead.
The security and hospital officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to speak to the media.
Troops and police deployed in the area around the Defence Ministry had not intervened in earlier attacks there and at first did nothing to stop the killings on Wednesday, leaving the clashes to continue until noon when they moved in.
Since the weekend, Egypt’s pro-military state media have said the assailants were residents angered by the disruption caused by the protests to life in their neighbourhood. But pro-democracy activists maintain the assailants operate with the blessing of the police or the military, and that they may even be on their payroll.
Wednesday’s attack came hours after the protesters outside the Defence Ministry said they had caught an off-duty Army officer who came to the area to look around, an act that must have been taken by the generals as an insult to the armed forces.