“Quantum computation, and molecular and nanotechnology will radically change the face of computers in years to come” said Omid Ansary, Senior Associate Dean of Academic Affairs at Penn State Univesity, Harrisburg, U.S.A, here on Friday.

He was speaking after inaugurating the two-day international conference on “Computer architecture, networking and applications” organized by the NMAM Institute of Technology.

Prof. Ansary said that fifth generation computing devices, based on artificial intelligence, were still in development, though there were some applications such as voice recognition that were being used now. The use of parallel processing and superconductors was helping to make artificial intelligence a reality. “The goal of the fifth generation computing is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self-organization”, he said.

The fifth generation included tackling major initiatives in artificial intelligence, speech recognition, signal processing, integrated circuit design, computer graphics, machine vision, high performance computing and so on. However the top among the current and future trends were in areas such as virtualization, cloud computing, multi-core processing and Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) computing.

The model of GPU computing was to use a Central Processing Unit (CPU) and GPU together in a heterogeneous co-processing computing model. The sequential part of the application ran on the CPU and computationally-intensive part was accelerated by the GPU. “From the user's perspective, the application just runs faster because it is using the high-performance of the GPU to boost performance”, he said.

The top 10 criteria for an engineer to be successful were technical skills, communication skills, teamwork, hard work and commitment, leadership qualities, management ability, proper judgment, volunteer work, integrity and time management, Prof. Ansary said.

Division Chairperson of Computer Society of India (Education and Research) Swarnalatha Rao said that the Computer Society of India was established in 1965. Now it had 40,000 memebrs, 66 chapters and 286 student branches, she said.

Principal of NMAM Institute of Technology S.Y. Kulkarni welcomed the gathering. Vice Principal Niranjan Chiplunkar delivered the introductory remarks. Chancellor of Nitte University N. Vinay Hegde presided over the function.

Professor of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University Aldo Morales, Chairman of Organizing Committee B.N. Yuvaraju, Director of Justice K.S. Hegde Institute of Management M.S. Moodithaya, and others were present.

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