The sex ratio in the Capital has declined from a high of 1,004 in 2008 to 893 in 2011, reveals the Economic Survey of Delhi 2012-13 which was presented by Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit in the State Assembly on Tuesday. The survey has also reported that the Delhi’s Gross State Domestic Product during 2012-13 recorded at Rs.365,726 crore has gone up by 17.7% in comparison to the previous year’s GSDP growth of 18.84%.
Ms. Dikshit said the Delhi Government had ensured 24-hour power supply to its citizens. “Delhi is the lowest in power deficiency. It is just 0.1% in respect of Delhi whereas it is 16.7% for U.P., 21% for Bihar, 18.4% for Tamil Nadu and 14.9% for Karnataka.” The survey has also revealed that among the North Indian States the maximum amount of money is spent on a Delhiite. While a majority of people continue to live in unplanned housing structures, the per capita plan outlay on a Delhi resident is Rs.8,476 as against only Rs.4,158 for a resident of Punjab or Rs.4,812 for a resident of Himachal Pradesh.
North-West Delhi remained the most densely populated district at 37,346 persons per square kilometre while South-West slipped from being the least populated, yielding the spot to New Delhi that has 5,445 persons per sq km. Delhi has also started receiving fewer migrants. Delhi has been demanding an increased share in Central Taxes, which has remained at Rs.325 crore for the last decade. However, total grants in aid from the Centre had increased from 1,312.89 crore in 2007-08 to Rs.1,927.88 crore. In 2010-11, on account of the Commonwealth Games, the figure had shot up to Rs.4,357.40 crore.
Rapid rise in pollution has led to environmental degradation with an increase in the levels of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide from 5 to 15 mg per unit, 46 to 66 mg per unit and 1,937 to 2,020 mg per unit in 2010 and 2011 respectively. This has been attributed to increase in the number of vehicles registered in Delhi which went up from 31.64 lakh in 1999-2000 to 74.53 lakh in 2011-12. The survey also states that the 48-km stretch of the Yamuna in Delhi is highly polluted due to the discharge of untreated sewage and industrial effluents into the river.
And when it comes to per sq km Plan outlay, Delhi gets a whopping Rs.9.58 crore as against Rs.4.61 crore for Haryana, and only Rs.23 lakh for Punjab, Rs.15 lakh for Uttarakhand, Rs.6 lakh for Himachal Pradesh and Rs.3 lakh for Jammu and Kashmir.