Celebrate festivals sensibly, says the doctor to those tackling diabetes.

Given the regularity with which festivals occur in India, diabetics tend to find it hard to stick to their diet. And India accounts for one of the largest diabetes populations in the world, according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Insufficient secretion of insulin is directly linked to eating. So, every diabetic person should know what to eat and how much to eat. Limit intake of sweets. Hold on to your resolve to not eat sweets. Even a bite or two can throw your sugar balance off-course.

Those who want to fast during festivals must watch out for hypoglycaemia, a drastic shortage of glucose content in the blood. Fasting can also lead to fluctuating glucose levels and causes damage to the organs. Maintaining blood sugar levels usually involves a balance of medication and healthy eating habits. Ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition that can occur during festivals, as patients tend to miss or forget to take their medication (especially insulin injections) on time.

Always drink enough water. Dehydration can be more harmful for people with diabetes than others.