The Nobel Prizes will be awarded today in Stockholm and Oslo. Test yourself on the most famous of prizes...
1. Why is November 27, 1895, an important day in the history of the Prizes?
2. In which year were the first Nobel Prizes given away and in what categories?
3. What three things do the Laureates receive at the Award Ceremonies?
4. Of the 561 Prizes so far, which category has had the maximum Laureates with 204?
5. Winning once is an honour. Name the four legends who have been awarded the Prizes twice.
6. The year 2013 marks the centenary of the first Asian Laureate. Name the great man.
7. What unfortunate fact connects Richard Kuhn, Adolf Butenandt and Gerhard Domagk (all Germans) and Russian author Boris Pasternak?
8. In a rare case of brotherly brilliance, name the only pair of siblings to have won the Prize, with one getting it in Economic Sciences and the other in Physics.
9. Name the three Indian Laureates who have also been honoured with the Bharat Ratna.
10. The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony is a strictly formal affair. What is the dress code for the invitees?
11. What is special about William Lawrence Bragg (Physics, 1915) and Leonid Hurwicz (Economic Sciences, 2007)?
12. Which organisation has won the Peace Prize three times (1917, 1944 and 1963). And name its founder who won the inaugural Peace Prize.
13. If Alice Munro (Literature, 2013) is the latest in the list of 44 women Laureates, who was the first in 1903?
14. In 1979, the Peace Laureate cancelled the scheduled celebratory banquet and used the ‘savings’ for feeding the poor. Who?
15. Which Literature Laureate made this famous quote: “I can forgive Alfred Nobel for having invented dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize”?
Answers: 1. On that day, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes called the Nobel Prizes; 2. 1901 in five categories (Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace); 3. A Nobel Diploma, a Nobel Medal and a document confirming the Nobel Prize amount. The amount for 2013 is set at SEK 8 million per full Nobel Prize; 4. Medicine with 204 Laureates in a total of 876l; 5. Marie Curie, John Bardeen, Frederick Sanger and Linus Pauling. Pauling is the only one to be awarded two unshared Prizes; 6. Our very own ‘Gurudev’ Rabindranath Tagore; 7. They were forced by their nation’s authorities to decline the Prize; 8. The Tinbergens of the Netherlands with Jan (1969) and Nikolaas (1973) being the recipients; 9. Sir C.V. Raman, Mother Teresa and Amartya Sen; 10. Gentlemen are required to wear white tie and tails, while ladies should be dressed in an evening gown. Alternatively, the National costume can be worn; 11. Youngest and oldest Nobel Laureates; 12. International Committee of the Red Cross and Henri Dunant; 13. Marie Curie (Physics); 14. Mother Teresa; 15. George Bernard Shaw.