V. Ganapati Sthapati wants to turn his Vaastu Vedic Research Foundation into a University.
Eighty-four year old V. Ganapati Sthapati, renowned architect and sculptor, has a dream: to convert his Vaastu Vedic Research Foundation at Vadakadampadi village, near Mamallapuram, into a University. “If Chief Minister Jayalalithaa sets her heart on it, it can become a reality,” he says. “I want to make it a Viswa Karma University. Not only the four Vedas and the Pranava Veda composed in Tamil but temple architecture, housing architecture, town planning, sculpture, painting and the art of making bronzes will be taught there. It will be a regular college,” he explains.
The art of making stucco figurines and terracotta idols will be included in the curriculum. He already has four acres at Vadakadampadi and he is sure that if the Jayalalithaa Government can provide 10 more acres nearby, the Viswa Karma University will take shape.
Ganapati Sthapati's range of accomplishments is extraordinary. He has designed and built more than 600 temples in India and the U.S., the U.K., Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Fiji, Sri Lanka and Kenya. He was the architect of Swaminatha Swami Murugan temple, popularly called Malai Mandir, situated on a hillock at Ramakrishnapuram, New Delhi. He was the architect of the Kannagi Kottam, built in stone at Poompuhar, near Thanjavur.
Ganapati Sthapati also sculpted the superb images of Kannagi and Madhavi, two key characters in the Tamil epic ‘Silappadhikaram,' which are housed in the art gallery at Poompuhar. He built the Valluvar Kottam, the huge temple car in stone there and sculpted the statue of Tiruvalluvar in the posture of a moral preceptor, in Chennai. His magnum opus is the 133-foot tall granite statue of Tiruvalluvar, built on a rocky knoll in the middle of the sea off Kanyakumari. The driving force behind both the Valluvar Kottam and the colossal Tiruvalluvar statue was M. Karunanidhi, former Chief Minister.
MGR used his expertise
The late Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran used Ganapati's expertise to design the administrative block and the library building, with ornamental entrance arches, at the Tamil University, Thanjavur. MGR encouraged him to sculpt a beautiful, 38-foot stone Buddha at Saranath, for the Dei Jokyo Buddhist Association, Japan.
From 1961 to 1988, the Sthapati was the Principal of the Government College of Architecture and Sculpture at Mamallapuram.
As a person who has built 600 temples, Ganapati Sthapati has a suggestion. He wants the establishment of the Temple Works Department, on the lines of the Public Works Department, to ensure that the exquisite murals, sculptures and inscriptions in temples in Tamil Nadu are not vandalised by whitewashing or sandblasting. He feels that the executive officers of temples, where the murals are whitewashed and sculptures mutilated, should be taken to task. If renovation means vandalising ancient murals, mutilating sculptures and defacing inscriptions, then, “renovations should be stopped.” He suggests that “there should be a committee of Sivachariars, Bhattars and sthapatis to do renovation of temples. There should be a separate Temple Works Department to carry out such work.”
He has big plans for the Viswa Karma University, when it materialises. He calls his community, “Viswa Brahmins,” and says, “our profession is Viswa karma.” He has already built a Mayan (the progenitor of Vaastu science, that is, the science of architecture) Kudil at Vadakadampadi and a Mayan Memorial is coming up there.
He asserts that the controversy over which language is older - Sanskrit or Tamil - is needless. He calls Sanskrit “the classical language of sculptors.” He will build a Veda Mandapam in the University to teach not only the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas but also the Pranava Veda in Tamil. He estimates that the Pranava Veda is older than the other four Vedas. Ganapati Sthapati has already recorded on audio-tape the 50,000 stanzas of the Prananva Veda. He is keen that the Tamil Nadu Government should publish it and spread it.
At Vadakadampadi, S. Perumal Sthapati, and A. Arasu, retired lecturer in Tamil from the Government College of Architecture and Sculpture, point out a beautiful sculpture of Tamil Mother sculpted by Ganapati Sthapati.
It is unusual, with five heads and 10 hands, portraying Mayan's concept of ‘Ainthiram' (five talents) - prose, music, dance, sculpture and architecture.
Perumal Sthapati says it is made of a special stone called ‘turuki.'
Ganapati Sthapati is an admirer of his father, the late M. Vaidyanatha Sthapati, the architect of the Gandhi Mandapam at Chennai, the gopuram of the Karpaga Vinayagar temple at Pillayarpatti, Tamil Nadu, the Ramana Maharshi mandapam, Tiruvannamalai, including the Bhagavan's statue there.
On Vaidyanatha Sthapati's suggestion, the then Chief Minister C. Rajagopalachari approved the setting up of a centre to train students in architecture and sculpture at Mamallapuram, which metamorphosed into a diploma and later degree-awarding Government College of Architecture and Sculpture.
He visualises a Veda Mandapam to teach the four Vedas and the Pranava Veda in Tamil.
Keywords: Vedic sculptures