Freezing of diesel subsidy may have to be done at some point of time
The government may have to freeze the diesel subsidy at the current level to protect the budget numbers at some point of time, said Chief Economic Advisor to the Finance Minister, Raghuram Rajan, while flagging concerns over the widening current account deficit (CAD).
“At some point, we should think about freezing the subsidy on diesel at the current levels until it reaches the level of world prices so that the Budget is not exposed to the risks of an increase in global oil price,” Dr. Rajan told the convocation of the RBI-run National Institute of Bank Management here on Tuesday.
Terming the widening CAD, which had run up to a historic high of 5.4 per cent of GDP in the second quarter of the fiscal, as the ‘biggest concern now,’ the noted economist said, “CAD is our biggest concern right now because as you finance from outside, you are dependent on the interest of foreign investors. They’ve been supporting us so far due to the search for yields. But can we continue to rely on that forbearance?”
Finance Minister P. Chidambaram, during his customary post-Budget interaction with industry chambers on Monday, had said that CAD was the biggest worry for him now as he could successfully meet the fiscal deficit target at 10 basis points better at 5.2 per cent and said the final numbers would be lowest than this too.
As a short-term way out, Dr. Rajan said, “In the near-term, we have to focus more on financing CAD through foreign inflows, because reducing it will take time. The best way is to increase exports relative to imports. The problem is that it is also dependent on growth of foreign countries.” Dr. Rajan also said there was a need to cut fertilizer subsidies, but did not give a timeline for the same.
“Two of the fertilizer subsidies have already been capped. Its urea that we have to think about and see what we have to do...There is no timeline, though,” he said.
Dr. Rajan also cautioned the government against ‘distortionary’ spending, which is consumption-led in nature, and suggested a cut in the Plan expenditure to achieve this.
“There is not much room to cut non-Plan spending. The weight of these cuts has to come from Plan spending. Lots of Plan spending are also about consumption. Cutting Plan spending, if done carefully and judiciously, is not a sacrifice for long-term growth,” Dr. Rajan argued.
On growth, he said the GDP expansion would reach the 8-per cent-mark in the next 2-3 years. However, he hinted that in the current fiscal growth would be higher than what had been estimated recently.
“The underlying growth, as we see over time, will prove stronger than the current data suggests,” Dr. Rajan told reporters after the speech. “Some of the signs suggest that growth has bottomed out, but you can’t be sure.”
On inflation, he said while the overall inflation was under control, the RBI will find it difficult to arrest food inflation and called upon the government to take steps on the supply side to rein in inflation.