A rate cut to prop up sagging growth is unlikely when the Reserve Bank unveils the first quarter monetary policy review on July 30 as focus will be more on supporting the battered rupee, said bankers and economists.
July 30 will be a non-event as RBI Governor D. Subbarao will leave the repo rate, or the rate at which Reserve Bank lends to banks, unchanged at 7.25 per cent, while the cash reserve ratio will also be retained at 4 per cent, they said.
They, however, added the central bank is likely to give some more clarity on its tightening to stem the fall of rupee.
“I think the status quo will be maintained by the RBI in its policy stance,” said V.R. Iyer, Chairperson of Bank of India.
Dena Bank Chairman and Managing Director Ashwani Kumar said he doesn’t expect RBI to increase rates.
Chief economist at Care Ratings Madan Sabnavis said considering the tightening the RBI has taken in the past two weeks to contain volatility in the forex market, it is unlikely that the Governor will take any measures that will upset the gains achieved on the forex front, even though inflation has come down to comfortable level.
The wholesale-priced based inflation was 4.86 per cent in June, within the Reserve Bank’s comfort zone.
Industry has been demanding a cut in lending rates by RBI in view of slowdown in economy. Prevailing high interest rates has particularly hit the manufacturing, with Index of Industrial Production (IIP) contracting by 1.6 per cent in May, the lowest factory output in 11 months.
Pulled down by poor performance of farm, manufacturing and mining sectors, economic growth slowed to 4.8 per cent in the January-March quarter and fell to a decade’s low of 5 per cent for the entire FY 2013.
So far this year, the RBI has reduced the repo rate three times to support flagging economy.
However, with rupee kept plummeting new lows the chances of central bank reducing rates further are dim, economists said.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had announced various steps to save the battered rupee which touched a life-time low of Rs 61.21 to the dollar on July 8 on concerns over widening current account deficit and early withdrawal of easy money by the U.S. Federal Reserve.
As a liquidity tightening measure, it had limited access to borrowed funds by reducing the liquidity adjustment facility for each bank from to 0.5 per cent of net demand and time liabilities from 1 per cent.
The central bank also asked banks to maintain a higher average cash reserve ratio of 99 per cent of the requirement daily as against 70 per cent earlier.
The RBI had also increased short-term funding rates and announced sale of bonds through open market operations.
The steps announced by the central bank have helped contain rupee volatility to some extent and it strengthened to 58.69 before closing at a new one-month high of 59.04 on Friday last.
“All monetary conditions which were responsible for speculative trading in the rupee has been curtailed by the RBI in last two weeks by tightening short-term liquidity. Any change in the CRR now will impinge on long—term liquidity, which RBI doesn’t want,” Sabnavis added.
Commenting on the tough measures taken by the RBI to help rupee Prime Minister Manmohan Singh last week had said the steps to raise short-term interest rates did not signal an increase in the long-term rates and these would be reversed.
“Once these short term pressures have been contained, as I expect they will be, the RBI can even consider reversing these pressures,” Dr. Singh had said in New Delhi last week.
However, the Chairman of the largest lender State Bank Pratip Chaudhuri came down heavily on the RBI’s recent liquidity tightening measures and asked the central bank not to choke short-term liquidity.
“Whenever the central bank needs to defend the currency or prevent the inflation from going out of hand, please increase the interest rate, don’t choke liquidity,” he had said in an event.
Analysts said although RBI’s ‘status quo’ on July 30 is widely discounted, market participants will eagerly wait for the guidance given in the policy.