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Updated: April 2, 2014 02:55 IST

Non-BJP States ahead in manufacturing

Puja Mehra
Comment (34)   ·   print   ·   T  T  

The Bharatiya Janata Party has raised manufacturing and jobs as its main election plank; however, the latest official data shows that non-BJP States have performed better on this front. The Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) findings for 2011-12, yet to be made public by the Central Statistics Office, show that the AIADMK-ruled Tamil Nadu has the maximum number of factories, accounting for 17 per cent of the 2.17 lakh units in India. The State also ranks first in the number of factory jobs. It is followed by the Congress-NCP ruled Maharashtra (13 per cent of the total factories) and the Congress-ruled Andhra Pradesh (12.7 per cent).

BJP-ruled Gujarat comes in only in the fourth place with 10.2 per cent, as per the ASI data available exclusively with The Hindu.

In terms of factory workers too, the pecking order is the same: Tamil Nadu followed by Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat.

The ASI findings assume significance as the BJP has said it will make economic issues, especially the manufacturing sector slowdown and factory jobs, its main poll plank. Describing the Lok Sabha polls as “an election of hope,” the BJP prime ministerial candidate, Narendra Modi, in an interview to ETV on Monday, listed job creation and industrial production among his top priorities. “Jobless growth is the biggest crisis staring out at us” he said talking about the Congress.

Party spokesperson Ravi Shankar Prasad said: “We are happy that the campaign is moving towards economic issues as our prime ministerial candidate has been raising these issues but without any response from the Congress.”


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There are three kinds of lies, damned lies and statistics. Public
discourse in India usually highly misinterprets the statistical
result and provides wrong judgements. The news item dated 2nd April
2014 comparing industrialization among various states is also guilty
of this.
Firstly, The plain total count of industries can't measure
industrialisation. Because, states have highly varying population.
(e.g. UP -20 crore, Gujarat- 6 crore). Relevant variable should be
industry density. (say, number of units per lakh population; total
count divided by population).
Secondly, simple count disregards the technology, capital
enhanced scale of production. By its logic, an area having 10 simple
cottage industries will be more industrialised than an area having 2
big industries.
Thirdly, the inference of joblessness drawn simply by total
count is purely farcical. Rather, 'ratio of percentage employed' in
industries to 'total count of industries' should be used.

from:  Prince Kadyan
Posted on: Apr 4, 2014 at 10:26 IST

The Hindu and its reporters are always biased towards TN. Because they think south india is nothing but tamilnadu. The comparison is merly on degrading BJP. It shows as if from independence these atates were ruled by bjp and congress. Fact is fact corruption is less in bjp ruled states. poor yediyurappa became black sheep for 10 crores. The congress rulers looted lakhs of crores. comparison is merely a selective anesthesia of the reporter to degrade bjp in the election month.

from:  reddy
Posted on: Apr 3, 2014 at 14:10 IST

My family has been getting The Hindu since 1941. Naturally, I have been a loyal reader of your newspaper ever since 1956 when I first learnt to read. While your special sections are far above the other newspapers, the same cannot be said about your political coverage which has become leftist & anti-Hindu by way of news and opinion. This particular article is one more effort in this direction. Every day, for the past 6 months you have been publishing such reports which boast numbers that are at best partial truths. You constantly harp about Mr Modi being a polarizing figure. While we do not believe all the politicians all the time, we do believe your newspaper fully. Your constant harping on the 'suppression of minorities' has certainly divided the community that I move in. The mix of so called socialism and secularism is more dangerous, divisive & polarizing than 1000 Modis .
I am sure the Hindu does not want your loyal readers of many decades to move to other news sources.

from:  Raman
Posted on: Apr 3, 2014 at 12:40 IST

@ Rohan Size of TN (1,30,058 sq km) is smaller compared to Gujarat (1,96,024 sq Km). Yes TN still leads.

from:  Nathan
Posted on: Apr 3, 2014 at 12:37 IST

To all those making fuss about population of Gujarat vs TN and the data above, the numbers are just there, please do your calculations. Gujarat population is 60 million and TN is 72 million, so divide no of factories by population and try the same with no of workers too, you get the %. Still TN leads the way! Stop doing false campaigning even after providing the relevant data.

from:  Nathan
Posted on: Apr 3, 2014 at 12:33 IST

For BJP economic growth is all about STOCK MARKET growth. Playing SATTA with public money & duping investors of all their hard earned money was the chief gameplay of BJP supporting "SATTE KE KHILADI" i.e. BSE/NSE wallah's. The BSE/NSE are black-holes created by neo-liberalists of BJP to loot the public. In comparison Congress created institutions like PPF/EPFO, LIC, nationalised SBI (although it was started by British) etc that offer guaranteed returns on investment & never loot the public although they are slow in processing due to massive demand from public.

from:  Shaleen Mathur
Posted on: Apr 3, 2014 at 10:39 IST

Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra were originally Madras and Bombay
presidencies and industries were concentrated in these zones . What is
surprising is Andhra Pradesh which was part of Madras presidency has
done well in spite of agriculture economy . The disappointment is with
West Bengal which had an industrial base lost the lead badly .WB and
Kerala lost lot of opportunity due to communist rule in spite of money
coming from citizens working overseas . Gujarat was rich due to
business people but because it was part of Bombay presidency did not
get much attention . Mr . Modi is not saying that all Bjp ruled states
are doing well in development . He is only saying that development
will give wealth and this idea is not new .He has seen how it is
working and want to spread it through out India . Congress did it in
Mr.Nehru's time through public sector which is slow but distribute the
wealth .Present Govt went through private sector and the result is

from:  sbalaraman
Posted on: Apr 3, 2014 at 08:21 IST

Here they have given the date with out considering the area(km2) of
state, total population of the state. If we look at the stats the
population of Tamil Nadu Maharashtra,Andhra Pradesh,UP,Bihar,West
Bengal are far greater than Gujrat. And also the area covered by this
states are far more than Gujrat.Giving just the no of factories and
the worker does not give a real picture. Conniving the full
information and providing statistics with out considering the all
nitigrities is just fooling people.

from:  Rohan Shetty
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 18:03 IST

The data is old (for 2011- 12), also note that you baseline it by using number of lok sabha constituency in state as a factor. Gujarat has 26, where as Maharashtra has 48 and TN has 40. I hope people will agree that they should compare the appropriate data. You cant compare Goa with Tamil Nadu just by looking at actual numbers

from:  nilesh
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 17:51 IST

It is no surprise that Modi's fans don't like this article and finding ways to twist it. While Gujarat definitely is an industrialized state, it is not the no. 1.

And so much, for the 45 year Dravidian role, Tamil Nadu cannot move beyond no. 1 position. (Bashers of Dravidian parties, take a note)

from:  Sridhar
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 15:52 IST

Gujarat is not only the role model for India, for the whole world

from:  srinu
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 14:58 IST

I think the writer of this article should have come up with indicators
used to calculate the number of industries in a state.this article gives
a very unclear picture, probably the population and other geo-political
factors favoring the manufacturing industries should have been taken
under consideration.moreover, the last three states here are more into
mining, so its fair enough to see them there.

from:  Shilpashree
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 14:52 IST

Valid information. Eager to see 2012-13 data for Tamilnadu as it must be less or stangant one with no growth due to massive power cuts. Tamilnadu seems to have reatined first position which it has achieved from previous regime.

from:  jamal
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 14:10 IST

I think factory datas are taken as per the licence given. There may be huge number of factories in Non BJP states than Gujarat. But, we should see how many of them closed and how many are running till date in these dates. . Definately it will be more than Gujarat.

from:  S Meyyappan
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 14:08 IST

if the number of factories are considered to the total voters of the state then, TN stands first followed by Gujarat fighting with Punjab, but maharastra and Andhra will be left far behind. this shows how many of the population are employed. Growth in Gujarat is not a myth.

from:  muirali dhara K
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 13:49 IST

What really matter is "how much people working in these factories earn
and their safety standards?".. There is no point in thumping the chest
about the number of factories we have in so and so states.

If we do a proper analysis, none of the states in India will pass the
test. We need to improve our standards of analyzing the nation from now

from:  John
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 13:36 IST

if % labours for voting population is taken then Maharastra and Andhra pradesh will be left far behind, Goa stands first followed by T.N, Haryana, Gujarat, punjab. Haryana was a part of Punjab, Industrial growth has to be related to it. If the comparison was with 1996 to till date, the information would have been good for readers, Now this appears as biased favouring congress. The Hindu was long considered as congress oriented news house. this news substantiates it. almost all states was ruled by congress only prior to 1995, worst being UP Bihar, Chattis ghar

from:  murali dhara K
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 13:28 IST

Mr.Prashant Nottath,

By your logic , Maharashtra should have been way ahead of Tamil Nadu with it's 11 crore population as against 7 crore of Tamil Nadu ! Please apply your logic to yourself first and then try to arrive at a conclusion !

from:  Bharanithar Babu E
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 13:06 IST

A comparison on the change/rate of change over the particular party's tenure would
be more relevant than comparing the total.

from:  Alagappan Ramu
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 12:04 IST

BJP is making hollow promises and in fact the data shows that the Gujarat stands at the fourth level behind Tamil Nadu, Maharastra and Andra Pradesh in manufacturing jobs and factories.

from:  Mohamed Ali
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 11:56 IST

I am puzzled by this analysis. How can one arrive at such a conclusion
merely by looking at the absolute number of factories in a state
without taking into consideration, primarily their size?
The author says Gujarat has come in "only" at 4th place in the list.
Well, it might be because all the three states above it are bigger and
more populous than it. Maharastra has 11+ cr, AP 8.5 cr, TN 7.2 cr and
GUjarat just 6 cr population. How can this basic aspect be ignored in
such a report? Am quite shocked at the shoddy research, purpotedly
with an aim to denigrate BJP, and am worried it has been let for
publishing by the reputed The Hindu editorial board.

from:  Prasanth Nottath
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 11:31 IST

As far as Gujrat is concerned half of its area is a desert with serious constraints on water resources and the population of the state is 6 cr. So please take into account these things and you will know why Gujrat is better.

from:  Praveen
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 10:54 IST

This is the most incomplete and misleading type of analysis. The study
does not account for the size of the each state, the base effect (i.e.
growth during the last 5-10 years), size of each factor etc. etc.

Bad news is worse than no news!

from:  Ayush Sood
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 10:43 IST

This is a stale data of 2012. Gujarat has experienced an all round development in sectors
including agriculture, textile, jewellery oil, automobile, education etc. It has provided job for
all sections of the society and hence added to its overall prosperity. Your rankings are different to the one by economic times. We need to know facts rather than hypothetical figures.

from:  Tarashankar Rudra
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 10:33 IST

Gujurat's industrialisation as also of some other BJP ruled states (Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh) have been more recent than that of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu as everyone knows. Further, the writer does not mention about the number of jobs created in the last 5 years / last decade while talking about industrialisation. He could have compared the GDP growth of the states in the last 5 years in this regard. The total number of factories or factory employees (which is result of growth for several decades) is not a true indicator of the efficiency of any state govt for a particular period of time.
This newspaper has been giving a lot of space to anti-Narendra Modi / anti- BJP writers who spout nonsense of this sort. The editor should not bring his anit- Modi bias but review logically the content of such columns before publishing the same.

from:  M. Varadarajan
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 10:17 IST

Come on The Hindu.. Look at the data... BJP led Gujarat and Punjab are on par with the larger states like TN, Maha and UP.. Dont you think this is a good work by these BJP rules states? Dont interpret the data wrongly and make us fool... And please stop campaigning for Congress..

from:  Venkat
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 10:01 IST

This comparison on political ground is faulty as the preceding govt also has its own role influencing the state policies.But the actual contribution is from the public & entrepreneurs while is only a facilitator & its industrial policies are guided by the interests of the state. It is foolish to have more industries in an agrarian state. or unrelated industries.That is what compels me say the linguistic based reorganization of states was wrong.It should be on development based, instead of small states looking for satisfaction of smaller groups bigger is better.65 years are lost to this people have run out of patience now.

from:  Hardev Singh
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 09:48 IST

Cant u see. Gujarat is a uch saller state than AP,TN and MH. Guj has 10%
manufactoring while it has a population of 5 crore. AP,MH and TN has
population more than 10 crore, their manufactoring % sud be more than 20
to be ahead of Guj..Manufactoring per capita is more in GUJ than any
other state..

from:  anup
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 09:18 IST

let modi or his lovers come with counters for this report. Guj development model-is a fake claim supported by ambanis, adanis and ambanis.

from:  tamilselvan
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 09:11 IST

It is not so much about the number of factories as it is about the
"growth" in the number of factories. What can Modi do if the prior
Gujarat governments did not lay grounds for any factories? The subject
of the post is misleading

from:  Rakshit
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 08:43 IST

Such poorly presented distorted articles are unbecoming of a publications such as yours.
The issue is growth and not absolute figures presented just to some how make a party looks

from:  Arvind
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 08:42 IST

I dont understand the point of this article. So what is BJP ruled states are behind in Manufacturing? That doesnt mean they cant formulate a policy to provide aimpetus to manufacturing? Instead shouldnt the article read "Why Congress has failed to make the country a manufacturing hub despite doing it at state level?" What are the policies? Is infra being built? Are we making industries welcome? These are the issues that need addressing.

from:  Parag
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 08:28 IST

What rubbish! The analysis of this study claims that all the industries in these states were started by the ruling parties which is far from the truth. Some states are more advanced than others not due to the parties in power but because of difference in cultural perspectives and importance of different issues. This flawed analysis is extremely misleading, irrespective of whoever it supports.

from:  Santosh
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 06:14 IST

What is the basis of this data? Is the organization that collected the data controlled by the central government? Why should we believe this?

Furthermore, this data seems deceptive. The data should focus on change in industrial growth over the past decade not absolute numbers. Also, the data should be normalized with respect to the population of the state etc. Just raw numbers do not convey much.
Once again The Hindu writers jump to show BJP and Modi in a bad light. First, get some meaningful data from unbiased sources and then make a case one way or the other. Stop playing on behalf of the Congress and its clones.

from:  Sachidanand Kabir
Posted on: Apr 2, 2014 at 04:17 IST
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