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`Subjective factors hampering unity among Left parties'

C. Gouridasan Nair

No ideological divide between CPI and CPI(M), says Veliyam Bhargavan

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Communist Party of India (CPI) State secretary Veliyam Bhargavan has said that `subjective factors' rather than ideological differences are hampering Communist unity in the country.

The CPI leader told The Hindu here on Sunday, on the eve of the commencement of the State-level observance of the 80th anniversary of the founding of the Communist movement in the country on December 26, 1925, that the `second generation' of leaders who now peopled the top rung of the two Communist parties had little to differentiate them in terms of ideology.

"What we have is the post-split generation. They know little about the history of the split. All that separates us today are subjective factors," Mr. Bhargavan said.

He said the Communist movement in the country had missed a great opportunity on account of the split in 1964 and pointed out that all the issues that had been cited as having contributed to the split had become redundant with the passage of time.

China which, under Chairman Mao, had called for armed revolution and termed all those who stood for non-violent socialist transformation `revisionists' had embraced market socialism and was now trying to see how best it could make life better for its people through democratic means.

"Economic disparities are growing in China. Around 70,000 to 80,000 demonstrations are taking place every year in rural areas of China, though we hear little about it. They are in touch with us and the CPI(M) on how best to solve the people's problems peacefully," the CPI State secretary said.

Mr. Bhargavan said unity should be one of the most important objectives of the Communist movement in the country today as the one-party system had collapsed both at the Centre and in the States and the Communist movement had a great opportunity before it to play a decisive role in the national scene.

Only the Communists could fight Hindu religious fundamentalism led by RSS. For this, unity is essential, especially in the Hindi belt.

"We must begin to think like true revolutionaries. We should not allow ourselves to get tied down to our past. We must look forward to the future. There are over 30 Communist groups in the country today. Not everybody may come with us, but we must push for unity and take as many as possible on board," he added.

He said the Communist movement would have to change in tune with the changing global situation and cited the case of Latin America where a massive solidarity of nations such as Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia was in the making to fight globalisation. Communist parties in these countries were joining hands with other Left forces.

There is a lesson in this experience of Latin America for the Indian Communist movement. "It is no use adopting dogmatic positions. We must be able to play our part in the large unity that is shaping up for the fight against imperialist globalisation," Mr. Bhargavan said and added that India must grow at a fast pace if it is to play any major role in the global scheme of things.

He, however, cautioned that change should not be at the cost of the cherished values of public life.

Only change that is in the interest of the masses would prove sustainable. One of the dangers of working in a bourgeois democracy is that its maladies tend to afflict the revolutionaries as well.

There must be a conscious effort to fight against maladies such as corruption. Unless this is done, the Communist movement would also degenerate to the level of the petit bourgeois outfit and its cadres would get corrupted, Mr. Bhargavan said.

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