Friday, Feb 22, 2002
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By Our Staff Reporter
Broken pieces of the terracotta figures, recovered from a new Adichanallur civilization site in Tuticorin district.
This site, spread over about 150 acres, is situated three km north of the Adichanallur Mount (old civilisation site) on the banks of the Tamiraparani and on the slopes of Vallanadu hills. The finding is believed to be in continuation of an earlier discovery at Adichanallur Mount made more than a century ago.
T. Paramasivam, head of the Department of Tamil Studies, who led the group of researchers, told The Hindu here on Wednesday, that the Adichanallur site first came to notice in 1876, when it was visited by Berlin archaeologist, Jagor. Further explorations, conducted in 1903 by M. Louis Lapicque of Paris, resulted in additional collections. He concluded that the remains belonged to a Proto-Dravidian race.
Alexander Rea, then Superintendent of the Archaelogical Survey of India, conducted a detailed investigation of the site at intervals from 1899 to 1905. All these investigations brought to light the facts about the Adichanallur civilisation.
Dr. Paramasivam said his team, consisting of Ilakkuvan and Navaneethakrishnan, who earlier went courses in archaeology, Lena Kumar, editor of the Yaadumagi, a literary journal, and accompanied by the District Archaeological Officer Senthil Selva Kumaran, during last Sunday's exploration, spotted the remains of mud pipes used for melting iron, small broken pieces of terracotta figures, including those of Mother Goddess, in the area covered with bushes.
The earlier findings could establish details of the burial grounds of the Adichanallur civilisation. The question on the habitation site remained unanswered so far. Dr. Paramasivam said the recovery of the antiques from the new site proved that civilisation existed here.
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